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Far-Right Contagion: The Global Challenge of Transnational Extremist Networks


Right-wing extremism is a global phenomenon that has significantly transformed in the last 20 years due to several factors that will be described in this chapter. In the West, the growth of white supremacist extremist groups is a growing challenge. These groups include white nationalists, white supremacist groups, Christian identity adherents, militias, and the alt-right. They espouse many different ideologies including anti-Muslim, anti-immigrant, and anti-Semitic views. These groups are cooperating internationally more than ever before, as highlighted in a United Nations report in 2020. The growth of these groups is supported by shared ideological writings, conspiracy theories, tactics, and technological competencies. They have learned how to spread their ideologies, recruit, finance their operations, and mobilize their followers. They have learned many of their modi operandi from other successfully established global extremist groups.

Modern right-wing extremists do not live in a vacuum; they are also constantly being influenced by each other as well as politicians, online conspiracy theories, and a growing pool of disinformation and fake news. Many of these ideas are being driven by algorithms and bots on the internet and social media. Right-wing extremists today no longer subscribe to the narrow concept of nationalism but instead imagine themselves as participants in a global struggle against both a national and a global enemy. Consequently, networking and cooperating not only locally but across borders is seen as a necessity. The conflict between Ukraine and Russia is helping these groups to create transnational links and build strategic and military competencies. The chapter concludes with recommendations on how relevant stakeholders should respond to this distinct form of political violence.

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Correspondence to Christina Schori Liang .

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Liang, C.S. (2022). Far-Right Contagion: The Global Challenge of Transnational Extremist Networks. In: Masys, A.J. (eds) Handbook of Security Science. Springer, Cham.

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