Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export, and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970)

  • Patrick J. O’Keefe
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_605-2

Introduction

The Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export, and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970) is an attempt to control the movement of cultural property from one State to another where this is against the laws of one or both. The property may be stolen from its owner or the movement itself may be prohibited such as when an object is smuggled from one state into another. As of 30 March 2018, there were 136 States Parties to the Convention.

Definition

Cultural property for the purposes of the Convention is defined in Article 1. To qualify, the property must be “specifically designated by each State as being of importance for archaeology, prehistory, history, literature, art or science.” In addition, it must belong to 1 of 11 categories of objects set out in the Article. These include the products of archaeological excavations (including regular or clandestine) and antiquities more than 100 years old.

The meaning of “specifically...

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References

  1. Kono, T., and E. Kani. 2003. Japan’s measures for the implementation of the 1970 UNESCO convention. Art Antiquity and Law 8: 107–131.Google Scholar
  2. O’Keefe, P.J. 2017. Protecting cultural objects: Before and after 1970. Builth Wells: Institute of Art and Law.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Forrest, C. 2010. International law and the protection of cultural heritage. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. House of Commons Culture, Media and Sports Committee. 2000. (HC 371–1) Seventh report: Cultural property return and illicit trade. London: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  3. Ministerial Advisory Panel on Illicit Trade. 2000. Report. London: Department of Culture, Media and Sport.Google Scholar
  4. O’Keefe, P.J., and L.V. Prott. 2011. Cultural heritage conventions and other instruments: A compendium with commentaries. Builth Wells: Institute of Art and Law.Google Scholar
  5. Prott, L.V. 2009. Witnesses to history: A compendium of documents and writings on the return of cultural objects. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  6. Raschėr, A.F.G., et al. 2005. Cultural property transfer. Brussels/Zurich: Bruyland and Schulthess.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Angela Labrador
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Massachusetts AmherstAmherstUSA