Anatolian Historic City Centers: Urban Archaeology in Multilayered Context

  • Burak BelgeEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_3258-1

State of Knowledge and Current Debates

Anatolia (Asia Minor) as a cradle of first settlements is a land bridge between east and west, but not a single geographical corridor (Sagona and Zimansky 2009, 1). Varying materials and latter agricultural production caused the emergence of first settlements in especially central and south-eastern Anatolia. Although there was a complex culture, making pottery and stone workmanship at Göbeklitepe as a cult centre (?) dated nearly 10.000 BC (Schmidt 2012, 87), which could not be defined as a settlement or city. However, there are first examples of round houses in the south-eastern Anatolia settlements as Hallan Çemi dated approximately 11,000 BC (Rosenberg 1999, 359). In central Anatolia, Çatalhöyük (Hodder 1996, 43–46) and Aşıklı Höyük (Esin 1996, 31) are the first examples of flat-roofed and adjacent houses let to cultural interaction and daily-life production together. These were first examples of settlements with a communal life instead of a...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional PlanningMersin UniversityMersinTurkey

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marcel Otte
    • 1
  1. 1.Service of PrehistoryUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium