Tibetan Plateau, Archaeology of

  • Anke Hein
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2880-1

Introduction

Considering the relatively short history of archaeological research on the Tibetan Plateau, this field is remarkably contested. Major problems that vex the field are a lack of reliable dates, the dearth of archaeological material, the unevenness of research in various parts of the Plateau, and political issues. Nevertheless, recent multi-method research involving archaeology, genetics, linguistics, paleobotany, zooarchaeology, and isotope studies has thrown new light on the question of the early peopling of the Tibetan Plateau, human adaptations to local environment(s), and connections between the Plateau and surrounding regions.

Definition and Background

The term “Tibetan Plateau” (also Qinghai-Tibet Plateau or Himalayan Plateau) refers to a geographic unit rather than the political entity of the Tibetan Autonomous Region (referred to as “Tibet” in the following) or Greater Tibet as claimed by Tibetan exile groups. The Tibetan Plateau encompasses parts of northern India...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ArchaeologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vivian Scheinsohn
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano-CONICET / Universidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina