Andes: Origins and Development of Agriculture

  • Elmo Leon
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_1685-2

Introduction

Terminal Pleistocene horticultural societies such as the Natufian complex of the Near East that domesticated wheat at c. 14,000 BCE were not alone in the world at that time. Recent interdisciplinary research show that past tropical Andean societies began to experiment with cultigens approximately 12,000 BCE, i.e., somewhat coeval with other pristine cultures around the world.

Two main effects resulted from this early plant manipulation process. The first one was the in-crescendo guarantee of stocking staples, which ensured quasi-permanent food among ancient Andean societies. The second effect was the resulting decrease in mobility of plant manipulators, who learned to plant seeds near camps and dwelling structures, thus providing food in one place, and therefore the preference of establishing in the same place.

Andean civilizations learned not only to domesticate plants since the Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene but completed domestication prior to the emergence of...

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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of PeruLimaPeru

Section editors and affiliations

  • Marcel Otte
    • 1
  1. 1.Service of PrehistoryUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium