Advertisement

Evolution of Community Colleges in Thailand: From Formal Establishment to the Present Time

  • Pattanida Punthumasen
  • Takayoshi Maki
Reference work entry
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE)

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to update the transformation of Community Colleges in Thailand by clarifying two changes and development since the inception of the sector. First is the passing of the Institute of Community College Act (ICCA) B.E.2558 (A.D.2015) that replaced the previous regulations of the Ministry of Education on higher education management at lower than degree level: Community College model B.E.2545 (A.D.2002). The establishment of the Institute of Community College at the central level is a major change because it now has more authority in the administration of internal and external education, including budget compilation, teaching force appointment, curriculum formation as well as maintenance and updating facilities. Previously, all of these components needed approval first by the Office of Higher Education Commission (OHEC), Ministry of Education. An analysis of the process of Community College internal and external evaluation indicates several areas of success or strength and failure or weakness and indicates future directions.

The second development is the establishment of the Urban Community College Bangkok in 2010 that serves as a prototype for future institutions. Contrary to the original spirit of Community College in Thai history is the new Urban Community College in Bangkok, which is an independent component of the Navamindrahiraj University, the ninth monarch university. The Urban Community College in Bangkok is in the Dusit district, the capital of Thailand, and in 2010 was founded under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration with the “Acquiring wisdom is the best of all” philosophy and aims to be a higher education institute where sharing the knowledge and research for urban development to promote well-being of city residents.

Keywords

Thailand Community Colleges Institute of Community College Act (ICCA) B.E.2558 (A.D.2015) Office for National Educational Standard and Quality Assessment (ONESQA) Navamindrahiraj University Urban Community College Bangkok (UCCB) 

References

  1. Bangkok Community College Office. 2005. Background of the establishment of Bangkok Community College Bureau. Bangkok: Community Development Bureau, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.Google Scholar
  2. Bangkok Post. 2016. Navamindradhiraj University prepares city planners of the future. Retrieved 6 Sept 2016, from http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/981997/
  3. Bureau of Community College Administration. 2009. Soft-shelled crabs farming. Ton-Kla Chumchon Journal 31: 8–10.Google Scholar
  4. Chinajitphan, P. 2017. Interview with director of Urban Community College Bangkok, Navamindradhiraj University, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, 22 Jan 2017.Google Scholar
  5. Institute of Community College. 2016. Report on statistics of community college management and the dropout causes of students in associate degree program of community college between 2002–2015. Bangkok: Institute of Community College, Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  6. Institute of Community College Act B.E.2558. 2015. Royal gazette no.132, Part 30A. 10 Apr 2015.Google Scholar
  7. Ministerial Regulation. 2003. Ministerial regulation regarding the management of lower-than degree of higher education level by using community college model 2003. Royal Gazette no.120, Part 103A. 10 Oct 2003.Google Scholar
  8. Nakornthap, Amornwich. 2016. Quality assurance and quality issues in Thai education: Toward research-driven strategies for improving quality. Retrieved 19 Sept 2016, from http://203.144.163.91/e-journal/showdetail/?show_detail=T&art_id=t
  9. National Economic and Social Development Council. 1997. The eight national economic and social development plan (1997–2001). Bangkok: National Economic and Social Development Council.Google Scholar
  10. Office for National Education Standards and Quality Assessment. 2016. ONESQA. Retrieved 8 Aug 2016, from http://www.onesqa.or.th/en/profile/973/
  11. Office for National Education Standards and Quality Assessment. 2017. ONESQA. Retrieved 8 Jan 2017, from http://www.onesqa.or.th/en/index.php
  12. Office of the Education Council. 2004. National education act B.E. 2542 (1999) and amendments (Second National Education act B.E.2545 (2002). Bangkok: Pimdeekarnpim Co., Ltd.Google Scholar
  13. Office of the Education Council. 2008. Education in Thailand 2007. Bangkok: Amarin Printing and Publishing.Google Scholar
  14. Office of the Higher Education Commission. 2003. The ministry of education’s ordinance on the management of lower-than degree of higher education level by community college model. Bangkok: Office of the Higher Education Commission.Google Scholar
  15. Office of the Higher Education Commission. 2014. Manual for the internal quality assurance for higher education institutions. 1st ed. Bangkok: Parbpim Ltd., Part.Google Scholar
  16. Office of the Higher Education Commission. 2016. QA & TQF. Retrieved 12 Aug 2016, from http://inter.mua.go.th/qa-tqf/
  17. Office of the National Education Commission. 1968. The third national education plan (1968–1976). Bangkok: Office of the National Education Commission, Prime Minister’s Office.Google Scholar
  18. Prince of Songkhla University. 2017. Phuket Community College. Retrieved 8 Jan 2017, from http://www.psu.ac.th/th/node/84
  19. Punthumasen, Pattamoda, and Takayoshi Maki. 2009. A study of Community college synchronization with the educational needs of local people in Thailand. In Community college models: Globalization and higher education reform, ed. Rosalind Latiner Raby and Edward J. Valeau, 135–154. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sangthong, S. 2013. Research report on the emergence, evolution and future direction of community colleges. Bangkok: Office of the Higher Education Commission, Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  21. Sattayawaksakul, D., W. Putsom, and N. Keawduang. 2013. Internal Quality Assurance of private higher education institutions in Thailand: A comparison of Quality Assessment Result in 2012, vol. 8, no.1. Asia-Pacific International University, Institute Press. ISSN: 0905-6931.Google Scholar
  22. Supatarakul, W. 2016. Interview with director, planning and budget division, Institute of Community College, Office of Higher Education Commission, Ministry of Education, 8 Sept 2016.Google Scholar
  23. Thaima, W. 2012. Internal Quality Assessment in Thai higher education. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Thought. 2(2): 389–396. CD-Rom. ISSN: 2156-6992, Sripatum University, Thailand.Google Scholar
  24. Urban Community College Bangkok. 2014. Annual report 2014. Bangkok: Urban Community College Bangkok, Navamindradhiraj University.Google Scholar
  25. Urban Community College Bangkok. 2015. Annual report 2015. Bangkok: Urban Community College Bangkok, Navamindradhiraj University.Google Scholar
  26. Urban Community College Bangkok. 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016, from http://www.bkkelearning.com/bkk_portal/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1
  27. Watson, Keith. 1980. Educational development in Thailand. Hong Kong: Hinemann Asia.Google Scholar
  28. Watson, Keith. 1989. Looking west and east: Thailand’s academic development. In From dependence to autonomy: The development of Asian Universities, ed. Philip G. Altbach and Viswanathan Selvaratnam, 63–95. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Foreign Cooperation Policy Bureau, Office of the Education Council (OEC)Ministry of EducationBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Graduate School for International Development and CooperationHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations