Assimilation of Hydrocarbons and Lipids by Means of Biofilm Formation

  • Pierre Sivadon
  • Régis Grimaud
Reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)


Hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) that are used as substrates by bacteria encompass a great variety of molecules, including contaminants such as hydrocarbons and natural components of the organic matter such as lipids. It is now well known that many bacterial strains use HOCs as carbon and energy sources for growth and form biofilms at the HOCs-water interface that are referred to as oleolytic biofilms. The formation of these biofilms appears to be a strategy to overcome the low accessibility of nearly water-insoluble substrates and is therefore a critical process in the biodegradation of hydrocarbons and lipids. Because oleolytic biofilms develop on a nutritive interface serving as both physical support and growth substrate, they represent an original facet of biofilm biology.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS/ UNIV PAU and PAYS ADOURInstitut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physico-Chimie pour l’Environnement et les Matériaux – MIRA, UMR5254PAUFrance

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