Efforts Toward Industrial Biosynthesis of Isoprene

Reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)

Abstract

With wide applications, isoprene faces a growing global market. The increasing concerns about the environmental problems brought by petrochemical industry propel the research on bioproduction of isoprene. To date, numerous efforts have been made in the characterization and engineering of the isoprene biosynthesis pathway, leading to successful production of isoprene by bacteria and yeast. This chapter summarizes the research progresses in isoprene biosynthesis and introduces the isoprene biosynthesis in nature, the key enzyme isoprene synthase, and the development of isoprene-producing microorganisms. In particular, the efforts made toward industrial biosynthesis of isoprene using bacteria and yeast are discussed in detail, with special attention given to the metabolic engineering strategies adopted to achieve isoprene-producing strains with improved performance indices. The persisting issues and future research needs are presented as well.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This book chapter is derived from our recent review paper “Engineering microbes for isoprene production” published in Metabolic Engineering (2016, 38: 125–138).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Bioengineering, College of Chemical and Biological EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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