Advanced Biodiesel and Biojet Fuels from Lignocellulosic Biomass
Global energy demands and environmental concerns have stimulated interest in renewable, carbon-neutral diesel and jet fuel from biomass. Lignocellulosic biomass is considered as a promising resource for the future bioindustry. The plant cell wall is a polymer network comprised largely of the sugar polymers such as cellulose and hemicellulose, and the polyphenolic lignin, and considerable efforts have been made toward the conversion of lignocellulose into fermentable sugars for their use in microbial fuel synthesis. Genetically engineered microbial hosts can utilize these sugars as a carbon source to biosynthesize a broad panel of bioproducts including fatty acid-, isoprenoid-, and alcohol-derived compounds, which can be used as precursors or directly as fungible alternatives to diesel and jet fuel. In this chapter, we review the principles of biofuel synthesis from biomass-derived sugar, summarize the promising technologies of biomass deconstruction and pathway engineering, and discuss the current applications of biodiesel and biojet fuels.
This work was part of the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute (http://www.jbei.org) supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, through contract DE-AC02-05CH11231 between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy.
- Alibhai MF, Rude MA, Schirmer AW (2016) Methods and compositions for producing olefins. US Patent No 14/068,542Google Scholar
- Bokinsky G, Peralta-Yahya PP, George A, Holmes BM, Steen EJ, Dietrich J, Lee TS, Tullman-Ercek D, Voigt CA, Simmons BA et al (2011) Synthesis of three advanced biofuels from ionic liquid-pretreated switchgrass using engineered Escherichia coli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19949–19954CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Cardayre SB (2013) Metathesis transformations of microbially-produced fatty acids and fatty acid derivatives. US Patent No 13/444,579Google Scholar
- Chen CT, Liao JC (2016) Frontiers in microbial 1-butanol and isobutanol production. FEMS Microbiol Lett 363:1–13Google Scholar
- Duan Y, Zhu Z, Cai K, Tan X, Lu X (2011) De novo biosynthesis of biodiesel by Escherichia coli in optimized fed-batch cultivation. PLoS One 6:1–7Google Scholar
- Keshk SMAS (2016) Cellulase application in enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass. pp 185–191Google Scholar
- Pasquini D, Pimenta MTB, Ferreira LH, Curvelo AAdS (2005) Extraction of lignin from sugar cane bagasse and Pinus taeda wood chips using ethanol–water mixtures and carbon dioxide at high pressures. J Supercrit Fluids 36:31–39Google Scholar
- Saritha M, Arora A, Lata (2012) Biological pretreatment of lignocellulosic substrates for enhanced delignification and enzymatic digestibility. Indian J Microbiol 52:122–130Google Scholar
- Schirmer AW, Rude MA, Brubaker SA (2014) Methods and compositions for producing fatty alcohols and fatty aldehydes. US Patents No 13/552,522Google Scholar
- Uju, Goto M, Kamiya N (2016) Powerful peracetic acid-ionic liquid pretreatment process for the efficient chemical hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresour Technol 214:487–495Google Scholar
- Wu X, McLaren J, Madl R, Wang D (2010) Biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass: innovations beyond bioethanol. In: Sustainable biotechnology. Springer, New York, pp 19–41Google Scholar