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Lipid-Containing Secondary Metabolites from Algae

  • J. G. Qin
Reference work entry
Part of the Handbook of Hydrocarbon and Lipid Microbiology book series (HHLM)

Abstract

As secondary metabolites, algal lipids are composed of fats, phospholipids, steroids, and waxes, which are functionally important for cell structure and energy storage. On average, lipids account for 20–40% of algal dry weight with a maximum of 85% in some algae, which exceeds the lipid content of most terrestrial plants. The range of potential applications of algal oils is very wide. Polyunsaturated fatty acids in algae could be an importance source for human and animal nutrition and biofuels. However, a viable commercial production of fatty acid needs further selection and screening of oleaginous species, improvement of strains by genetic manipulation, optimization of culture conditions, and development of efficient cultivation systems.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

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