Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Coastline Changes

  • Eric Bird
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_93-2

Definition

Coastline changes (here defined as changes on the high-tide shoreline) can be mapped and measured on various coastal sectors over time scales ranging from a few hours or days (related to tidal cycles, weather events, earthquakes, or tsunamis) to long-term trends over decades or centuries.

Evidence of Coastline Change

Evidence of coastline changes can be obtained from comparisons of dated historical maps, charts, air photographs, and satellite imagery with the present coastal configuration. Such evidence is available on many coasts over the past century, but in some countries, such as Britain and Denmark, maps and charts surveyed around the beginning of the nineteenth century permit the determination of changes over longer periods: Houston and Dean (2014) used measurements of shoreline change on the east coast of Florida since the mid-1800s to demonstrate long-term beach accretion. In the Mediterranean region, and locally elsewhere, there is sporadic evidence of coastline...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Allison RJ, Brunsden D (1990) Some mudslide movement patterns. Earth Surf Process Landf 15:297–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bird ECF (1985) Coastline changes. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  3. Bird ECF (1993) Submerging coasts. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  4. Bird ECF (1996) Beach management. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  5. Bird ECF (2011) Changes on the coastline of Port Phillip Bay. Office of the Environmental Monitor, Department of Sustainability and Environment, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  6. Edelman T (1977) Systematic measurements along the Dutch coast. In: Proceedings of the 10th conference, coastal engineering, pp 489–501Google Scholar
  7. Houston JR, Dean RG (2014) Shoreline change on the east coast of Florida. J Coast Res 30:647–660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ignatov YI, Kaplin PA, Lukyanova SA, Solovieva GD (1993) Evolution of Caspian Sea coasts under conditions of sea level rise. J Coast Res 9:104–111Google Scholar
  9. Kamaludin BH (1993) The changing mangrove shorelines in Kuala Kuran, Peninsular Malaysia. Sediment Geol 83:187–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Royal Commission on Coastal Erosion (1907–11) Reports (3 Volumes). His Majesty’s Stationery Office, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. Sunamura T (1992) Geomorphology of rocky coasts. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  12. U.S. Corps of Engineers (1971) National shoreline survey. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  13. Valentin H (1952) Die Küsten der Erde. Petermanns Geogr. MitteilungenGoogle Scholar
  14. Walker HJ, Mossa J (1986) Human modification of the shoreline of Japan. Phys Geogr 7:116–139Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia