Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Algal Rims

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_5-2

History

Since the beginning of coral reef studies algal formations of various sizes and shapes, made of coralline algae and other organisms and generally associated with coral reefs, have been described under various names (algal ridges, crests, mounds, reefs, etc.). They were described as being developed upon the windward edge of reefs, but mention of algal mounds, crusts or rims developed on rock also exist in the early literature. A detailed description of algal rim structure was given by Tracey et al. (1948) on Bikini atoll.

Locations were mainly Pacific, but analogous formations were also described in the Atlantic, such as the “boilers” of Bermuda (Agassiz 1895). Later papers (Kempf and Laborel 1968; Gessner 1970; Glynn 1973; Adey and Burke 1976; Focke 1978; Jindrich 1983; Bosence 1984) dealt with algal and animal populations associated with Atlantic rims, and demonstrated their identity with Indo-Pacific rims, and their independance from coral reefs proper, since algal rims can...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Adey WH, Burke RB (1976) Holocene bioherms (algal ridges and bank barrier reefs) of the eastern Caribbean. Bull Geol Soc Am 87:95–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agassiz A (1895) A visit to the Bermudas in 1894. Bull Mus Comp Zool HarvUniv 26:205–281Google Scholar
  3. Blanc JJ, Molinier R (1955) Les formations organogènes construites superficielles en Méditerranée occidentale. Bull Inst Océanogr Monaco 1067:1–26Google Scholar
  4. Bosence DW (1984) Construction and preservation of two recent coralline algal reefs, Sainte Croix, Caribbean. Paléo 27:549–574Google Scholar
  5. Focke JW (1978) Limestone cliff morphology on Curaçao (Netherlands Antilles), with special attention to the origin of notches and vermetid coralline algal surf benches. Z Geomorphol 22:329–349Google Scholar
  6. Gessner F (1970) Lithothamnium terrassen in Karibischen Meer. Int Rev Gesamten Hydrobiol 55:757–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ginsburg RN, Schroeder JH (1973) Growth and submarine fossilization of algal cup reefs, Bermuda. Sedimentology 20:574–614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Glynn PW (1973) Aspects of the ecology of coral reefs in the Western Atlantic region. In: Jones OA, Endean R (eds) Biology and geology of coral reefs. Academic, New York, pp 271–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jindrich V (1983) Structure and diagenesis of recent algal-foraminifer reefs, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. J Sediment Petrol 53(2):0449–0459Google Scholar
  10. Kempf M, Laborel J (1968) Formations de Vermets et d’Algues calcaires des côtes du Brésil. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume 43:9–23Google Scholar
  11. Laborel J (1986) Vermetids. In: van de Plassche O (ed) Sea-level research: a manual for the collection and evaluation of data, vol 12. Geo Books, Norwich, pp 281–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Laborel J, Morhange C, Lafont R, Le Campion J, Laborel-Deguen F, Sartoretto S (1994) Biological evidence of sea-level rise during the last 4500 years on the rocky coasts of continental southwestern France and Corsica. Mar Geol 120:203–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lighty RG, McIntyre I, Stuckenrath R (1982) Acropora palmata reef framework: a reliable indicator of sea level in the western Atlantic for the past 10,000 years. Coral Reefs 1:125–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tracey JI, Ladd JS, Hoffmeister JE (1948) Reefs of Bikini, Marshall Islands. Bull Geol Soc Am 59:861–878CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR DIMARUniversité de la MéditerranéeMarseille, Cedex 9France