Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Archaeology and Sea-Level Change

  • Niki EvelpidouEmail author
  • Anna Karkani
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_384-1


The archaeological remains that can be used, better together with biological, geomorphological, or other sea-level indicators, in order to obtain accurate information regarding their relationship with sea level during the period they were functional may be called archaeological sea-level indicators.


The primary publications regarding the assessment of sea-level changes through the interpretation of archaeological indicators came from Flemming (1969), Caputo and Pieri (1976), and Pirazzoli (1976). Despite the large number of important archaeological remains, only a small percentage can be used in order to obtain accurate information regarding their relationship with sea level during the period they were functional. The constraints arising result from their uncertain use and lack of preservation. Two general types may provide evidence for past sea levels. The first refers to those constructions that were probably terrestrial or unrelated to sea level, but today...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Geology and GeoenvironmentNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece