Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski

Coastal Flood Hazard Mapping

  • Celene Milanés BatistaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48657-4_356-1

Synonyms

Definition

Coastal flood hazard mapping (CoFHaM) is a tool used to determine flood zone limits inland and in other areas exposed to coastal floods due to different hazards such as storm, surge waves, sea level rise caused by climate change, inland storm surge, heavy rainfall, among others. Its areas are identified through maps made by one or more researchers using the Geographic Information System (GIS) software. Generally, its maps display particular levels of flood hazards and risks, with different parameters defined as low, medium, and high.

Introduction

Floods are among Earth’s most common and most destructive natural hazards (Nadeem et al. 2014; Gigović et al. 2017; Udin et al. 2018p. 47). Most of these large floods occur in territories near the coast. The coastline represents an...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Group in Environmental Management and Sustainability, Department of Civil and EnvironmentalUniversidad de la Costa, BarranquillaAtlánticoColombia
  2. 2.Multidisciplinary Study Center of Coastal Zones (CEMZOC)Universidad de OrienteSantiago de CubaCuba