Radiation Protection

  • Claus GrupenEmail author
Living reference work entry


Radiation protection is a very important aspect for the application of particle detectors in many different fields, like high-energy physics, medicine, material science, oil and mineral exploration, and arts, to name a few. The knowledge of radiation units, the experience with shielding, and information on biological effects of radiation are vital for scientists handling radioactive sources or operating accelerators or X-ray equipment. This article describes the modern radiation units and their conversions to older units which are still in use in many countries. Typical radiation sources and detectors used in the field of radiation protection are presented. The legal regulations in nearly all countries follow closely the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). Tables and diagrams with relevant information on the handling of radiation sources provide useful data for the researcher working in this field.



It is a pleasure to thank Mrs. Arzu Ergüzel for a very careful reading of the manuscript and Dr. Tilo Stroh for his efficient help in layouting this article in a professional way in LATE X.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSiegen UniversitySiegenGermany

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