Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Ivan Pavlov

  • Malin Lilley
  • Deirdre Yeater
  • Dawn Melzer
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_951-1


Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936) was a Russian physiologist, Nobel Prize winner, and well known in the field of psychology for his research on classical conditioning.


Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, a Russian physiologist, is well known in the field of psychology for his research on classical conditioning. Pavlov began his career by becoming a skilled surgeon, which permitted him to perform many experiments on the digestive system of animals without severely inhibiting normal functioning. These experiments allowed him to understand the process of classical conditioning, as well as contribute to the fields of abnormal and personality psychology. Today, several ongoing areas of research have their roots in Pavlov’s research, and Pavlov has become immortalized in textbooks from a variety of fields in psychology.

Early Life and Career

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849–1936) was born in Ryzan, Russia, on September 26, 1849. His father, Peter (1823–1899), was an orthodox priest and his...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA
  2. 2.Sacred Heart UniversityFairfieldUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lauren Highfill
    • 1
  1. 1.Eckerd CollegeSt. PetersburgUSA