Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Passerine Sensory Systems

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_913-1

Definition

A passerine is a bird that belongs to the order Passeriformes. This order has over 5,000 identified species, which makes up more than half of all bird species. The order is divided into three suborders: Tyranni (suboscines), Passeri (oscines), and the basal Acanthisitti.

Sensory systems are the peripheral neural structures where sensory transduction and transmission of sensory activity to the central nervous system take place.

Introduction

Oscines (from Latin oscen, “songbird”) are the largest group of passerines, and they owe their name to their complex vocalizations, or songs, which they learn by imitating their conspecifics (in some cases heterospecifics, e.g., mocking birds Mimus polyglottos). Songbirds have received a great deal of attention from neuroethologists and neuroscientists because they are one of the few vertebrate models of vocal learning. However, most studies in avian sensory systems have focused in nonpasserine birds, like pigeons and chickens as general...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neuroscience and Mental Health InstituteUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lauren Guillette
    • 1
  1. 1.University of St. AndrewsSt. AndrewsUK