Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Gene Expression Profiling

  • Amit Pathania
  • Vijaykumar Yogesh Muley
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_9-1



The measurement of the expression levels of the genes present at a particular time point in the cell.


In 1953, Watson and Crick proposed the structure of the DNA – the blueprint of the cell (Watson and Crick 1953). DNA is made up of two sugar-phosphate strands which run antiparallel to each other, paired up with each other through hydrogen bonding between the four nitrogenous bases which protrude from each strand (Fig. 1). DNA sequence contains functional regions called as genes, which confer phenotypic traits to an organism.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Micalis Institute, INRA, AgroParisTechUniversité Paris-SaclayJouy-en-JosasFrance
  2. 2.Centre for Computational Sciences, School of Basics and Applied SciencesCentral University of PunjabBathindaIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Akash Gautam
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Neural and Cognitive Sciences, School of Medical SciencesUniversity of HyderabadHyderabadIndia