Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Catarrhine Locomotion

  • Michael S. Selby
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_472-1

Synonyms

Definitions

Bipedal

Locomoting using only hind limbs for support and propulsion.

Brachiation

Below branch, hand-over-hand suspensory locomotion, where body weight is supported by the forelimbs. This is also sometimes known as “arm-swinging.”

Bridging

Crossing a gap in the canopy where contact with one support is maintained while contact is made with another.

Climbing

Progression up a vertical or near-vertical support

Digitigrade

A locomotor posture where the mass of the forelimb is supported by the digits and metacarpal heads of the hand. The palm does not contract the substrate.

Knuckle-walking

A form of quadrupedal locomotion where the mass of the forelimb is supported by the second to fifth middle phalanges of the hand.

Leaping

Propulsion, primarily by the hind limbs, as a means of crossing gaps in the canopy.

Palmigrade

A locomotor posture where the palm and fingers of the hand contact the substrate, which is either ground...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical SciencesGeorgia Campus- Philadelphia College of Osteopathic MedicineSuwaneeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • David Hanbury
    • 1
  1. 1.Averett UniversityDanvilleUSA