Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Superior Temporal Sulcus

  • Laura Cuaya
  • Raúl Hernández-Pérez
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_425-1

The superior temporal sulcus (STS) is located longitudinal to the lateral surface in the temporal lobe and is immediately parallel to the lateral fissure. The STS ranges from the angular gyrus to approximately one centimeter before the temporal pole. The STS separates the superior temporal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus.


The STS is a multisensory high-order association cortex that processes social information.

Face perception (Allison et al. 2000; Haxby et al. 2000). The STS is important in the changeable aspects of a face. Beyond identity, it is crucial to the communication of dynamic aspects from faces like lip movement, eye gaze to infer attentional state, and the emotional expression (Allison et al. 2000; Hagan et al. 2009; Peelen et al. 2010; Robins et al. 2009; Said et al. 2010). The model of the distributed human neural system for face perception includes the STS in the core system involved in the visual analysis of a face, whereas the inferior occipital gyrus...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoQueretaroMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • David Hanbury
    • 1
  1. 1.Averett UniversityDanvilleUSA