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Levallois Technique

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Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

The term “Levallois technique” refers to a strategy of stone tool production, specifically a means of taking a block of stone (core) and producing sharp-edged flake tools through percussive application of a stone hammer. This particular strategy is based around the production and organization of a specific “prepared-core” form (sometimes referred to as “tortoise” or “turtle-backed” cores). This strategic approach to core organization and flake production contrasts with simpler (migrating platform) reduction techniques, which involve simply rotating the core and selecting suitable striking positions on a more ad hoc basis. Stone-tool industries manufactured by these strategies begin to appear broadly simultaneously in both East Africa and Europe around 300,000 years ago (Tryon and Faith 2013), suggestive of convergent technological developments in these different regions (Adler et al. 2014). As with much of the terminology surrounding description of Palaeolithic stone tools, the term...

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Correspondence to Stephen J. Lycett .

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Lycett, S.J., Eren, M.I. (2018). Levallois Technique. In: Vonk, J., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. Springer, Cham.

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