Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

William Hopkins

  • David A. Leavens
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_2038-1

Title of Entry

William Donald Hopkins


William (Bill) Donald Hopkins is a Professor of Neuroscience in the Institute of Neuroscience, Georgia State University, Georgia, USA. Professor Hopkins has published over 310 journal articles, book chapters, and edited books. He specializes in functional asymmetries in brain organization and in behavior, especially in great apes, and has pioneered the use of noninvasive imaging techniques to directly measure details of brain organization, including both positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Professor Hopkins has also made fundamental discoveries in communication dynamics in great apes, building on these findings to support an emerging new theoretical perspective on the evolution of language. Great apes are humans’ closest living relatives in the animal kingdom, and therefore they serve as a scientifically important comparison group for the elucidation of the evolutionary changes that have occurred in...

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  1. Bard, K. A., & Hopkins, W. D. (2018). Early socio-emotional intervention mediates long-term effects of atypical rearing on structural co-variation in gray matter in adult chimpanzees. Psychological Science. (Published online in advance of print).Google Scholar
  2. Cantalupo, C., & Hopkins, W. D. (2001). Asymmetric Broca’s area in great apes. Nature, 414, 505.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Corballis, M. C. (2002). From hand to mouth: The origins of language. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Dunbar, R. I. M. (1996). Grooming, gossip and the evolution of language. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  5. Gómez-Robles, A., Hopkins, W. D., Schapiro, S. J., Hopkins, & Sherwood, C. C. (2016). The heritability of chimpanzee and human brain asymmetry. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences B, 283(1845), 20161319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hopkins, W. D. (1995). Hand preferences for a coordinated bimanual task in 110 chimpanzees: Cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 109, 291–297.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Hopkins, W. D. (1996). Chimpanzee handedness revisited: 54 years since Finch (1941). Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 3, 449–457.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Hopkins, W. D. (2006). A comparative and familial analysis of handedness in great apes. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 538–559.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Hopkins, W. D. (Ed.). (2007). Evolution of hemispheric specialization in primates. London: Academic.Google Scholar
  10. Hopkins, W. D., & Cantero, M. (2003). The influence of vocalizations on preferential hand use in gestural communication by chimpanzees. Developmental Science, 6, 55–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hopkins, W. D., & Leavens, D. A. (1998). Hand use and gestural communication in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 112, 95–99.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Hopkins, W. D., & Morris, R. D. (1989). Laterality for visual spatial processing in two language-trained chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Behavioral Neuroscience, 103(227), 234.Google Scholar
  13. Hopkins, W. D., & Savage-Rumbaugh, E. S. (1991). Vocal communication as a function of differential rearing in Pan paniscus. Some preliminary findings. International Journal of Primatology, 12, 559–583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hopkins, W. D., & Wesley, M. J. (2002). Gestural communication in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): The effect of situational factors on gesture type and hand use. Laterality: Asymmetry of Body, Brain and Cognition, 7, 19–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hopkins, W. D., Washburn, D. A., & Rumbaugh, D. M. (1989). Note on hand use in the manipulation of joysticks by two rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and three chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 103(91), 94.Google Scholar
  16. Hopkins, W. D., Pilcher, D. L., & MacGregor, L. (2000). Sylvian fissure length asymmetries in primates revisited: A comparative MRI study. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 56, 293–299.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Hopkins, W. D., Taglialatela, J., & Leavens, D. A. (2007). Chimpanzees differentially produce vocalizations to capture the attention of a human. Animal Behaviour, 73, 281–286.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Hopkins, W. D., Taglialatela, J., & Leavens, D. A. (2011). Do apes have voluntary control of their vocalizations and facial expressions? In A. Vilain, J. L. Schwartz, C. Abry, & J. Vauclair (Eds.), Primate communication and human language (pp. 206–226). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.Google Scholar
  19. Hostetter, A., Cantero, M., & Hopkins, W. D. (2001). Differential use of vocal and gestural communication in chimpanzees in response to the attentional status of a human audience. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 115, 337–343.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Leavens, D. A., & Hopkins, W. D. (1998). Intentional communication by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): A cross-sectional study of the use of referential gestures. Developmental Psychology, 34, 813–822.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Leavens, D. L., Russell, J. L., & Hopkins, W. D. (2005). Intentionality as measured in the persistent and elaboration of communication by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Child Development, 76, 291–306.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Leavens, D. A., Russell, J. L., & Hopkins, W. D. (2010). Multimodal communication in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Animal Cognition, 13, 33–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Losin, E. A. R., Russell, J. L., Freeman, H., Meguerditchian, A., & Hopkins, W. D. (2008). Left hemisphere specialization for oro-facial movements of learned vocal signals by captive chimpanzees. PlosONE, 3(6), 1–7.Google Scholar
  24. Mahovetz, L., Young, L., & Hopkins, W. D. (2016). The influence of AVPR1A genotype on individual differences in behaviors during a mirror self-recognition task in chimpanzees. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 15, 445–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. McNeill, D. (1992). Hand and mind: What gestures reveal about thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  26. Russell, J. L., McIntyre, J., Hopkins, W. D., & Taglialatela, J. P. (2013). Vocal learning of a communicative signal in captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Brain and Language, 127, 520–526.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Taglialatela, J. P., Russell, J., Schaeffer, J. A., & Hopkins, W. D. (2011). Chimpanzee vocal signaling points to a multimodal origin of human language. PlosONE, 6, e18852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tomasello, M., Call, J., Nagell, K., Olguin, R., & Carpenter, M. (1994). The learning and use of gestural signals by young chimpanzees: A trans-generational study. Primates, 35, 137–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Warren, J. M. (1980). Handedness and laterality in humans and other animals. Physiological Psychology, 8, 351–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of SussexFalmer/East SussexUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jennifer Vonk
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA