Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

William Roberts

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1945-1

Dr. William (“Bill”) A. Roberts is an internationally renowned experimental psychologist and Emeritus Professor at Western University (London, Ontario, Canada). Born in Safford, Arizona (USA), Bill completed his Bachelor of Science at the University of Maryland in 1960 and his Masters of Arts in 1962 and Ph.D. in 1965 at Bryn Mawr College, Pennsylvania, under the supervision of Dr. M.E. Bitterman. Bill was briefly a faculty member at Vassar College, New York, before moving to Canada, first as a postdoc with Dr. Endel Tulving at the University of Toronto from 1968 to 1969 and then as a faculty member at Western starting in 1970.

Dr. Roberts has authored over 160 publications, including well-regarded books such as Processes of Animal Memory (Medin et al. 2014) and Principles of Animal Cognition (Roberts 1998) and highly cited articles such as “Are animals stuck in time?” (Roberts 2002). Dr. Roberts has studied a wide variety of cognitive processes in animals, including metacognition,...

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  1. McKenzie, T., Cherman, T., Bird, L. R., Naqshbandi, M., & Roberts, W. A. (2004). Can squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) plan for the future? Studies of temporal myopia in food choice. Learning & Behavior, 32, 377–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Naqshbandi, M., & Roberts, W. A. (2006). Anticipation of future events in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) and rats (Rattus norvegicus): Tests of the Bischof-Kohler hypothesis. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 120, 345–357.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Roberts, W. A. (1972). Short-term memory in the pigeon: Effects of repetition and spacing. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 94, 74–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Roberts, W. A. (2002). Are animals stuck in time? Psychological Bulletin, 128, 473–489.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Roberts, W. A. (2006). Evidence that pigeons represent both time and number on a logarithmic scale. Behavioural Processes, 72, 207–214.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Roberts, W. A. (2007). Mental time travel: Animals anticipate the future. Current Biology, 17, R418–R420.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Roberts, W. A. (2016). Episodic memory: Rats master multiple memories. Current Biology, 26, R920–R922.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Roberts, W. A., & Boisvert, M. (1998). Using the peak procedure to measure timing and counting processes in pigeons. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 24, 416–430.Google Scholar
  9. Roberts, W. A., & Feeney, M. C. (2009). The comparative study of mental time travel. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 271–277.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Roberts, W. A., & Grant, D. S. (1974). Short-term memory in the pigeon with presentation precisely controlled. Learning and Motivation, 5, 393–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Roberts, W. A., & Grant, D. S. (1976). Studies of short-term memory in the pigeon using the delayed matching-to-sample procedure. In D. L. Medin, W. A. Roberts, & R. T. Davis (Eds.), Processes of animal memory. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  12. Roberts, W. A., & Grant, D. S. (1978). Interaction of sample and comparison stimuli in delayed matching to sample with the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 4, 68–82.Google Scholar
  13. Roberts, W. A., & Mitchell, S. (1994). Can a pigeon simultaneously process temporal and numerical information? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 20, 66–78.Google Scholar
  14. Roberts, W. A., Cheng, K., & Cohen, J. S. (1989). Timing light and tone signals in pigeons. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 15, 23–35.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Roberts, W. A., Coughlin, R., & Roberts, S. (2000). Pigeons flexibly time or count on cue. Psychological Science, 11, 218–222.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Roberts, W. A., Feeney, M. C., MacPherson, K., Petter, M., McMillan, N., & Musolino, E. (2008). Episodic-like memory in rats: Is it based on when or how long ago? Science, 320, 113–115.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Roberts, W. A., Strang, C., & Macpherson, K. (2015). Memory systems interaction in the pigeon: Working and reference memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 41, 152.Google Scholar
  18. Roberts, W. A., Macpherson, K., & Strang, C. (2016). Context controls access to working and reference memory in the pigeon (Columba livia). Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 105, 184–193.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada