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Adaptive behavior; Affordance; Classical conditioning; Communication; Competition; Ecological psychology; Embodied cognition; Foraging; Habituation; Information processing; Movement; Numerosity; Ocelli; Phenotypic plasticity; Plant behavior; Plant cognition; Plant learning; Plant signaling; Plant vision; Predictive processing; Primary consciousness; Sentience; Swarm intelligence; Tropism
What Is Plant Behavior and Cognition?
A mark of intelligent behavior is the capacity to select actions that allow an organism to achieve its goals. Although there is no universally agreed-upon definition of what behavior is, an operational strategy that applies to both plants and animals is to approach behavior in terms of the “observable consequences of the choices a living entity makes in response to external or internal stimuli” (Cvrčková et al. 2016). Such choices, when performed by animals, usually involve movement. Because plants are sessile, it becomes more difficult to...
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