- Christopher KrupenyeAffiliated withDepartment of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Email author
Experimental procedure designed to investigate organisms’ understanding of others’ mental states, particularly discrimination of knowledgeable vs ignorant informants, in a cooperative-communicative context.
Humans are highly skilled mind readers; that is, we have the ability to think about others’ internal mental states, such as desires and beliefs. This skill is known as theory of mind or mind reading. Theory of mind informs our attempts to interpret, predict, and even manipulate others’ behavior and thus is central to much of our social interaction, including our strategies for communication, cooperation and competition, empathy, and deception. For several decades – since Premack and Woodruff (1978) asked the seminal question, “Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?” – researchers have been attempting to determine whether this critical human skill is unique to our species. Over the years, a variety of elegant paradigms have been developed in the service of th ...
Reference Work Entry Metrics
Date: 2017 (Latest)History
- 2017 (Latest)
- Guesser-Knower Paradigm
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior
- pp 1-5
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer International Publishing
- Copyright Holder
- Springer International Publishing AG
- Additional Links
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Oakland University
- 2. Department of Psychology, Oakland University Department of Psychology
- Author Affiliations
- 3. Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Pl 6, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
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