Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Dorsomedial Area

  • Hsin-Hao Yu
  • Marcello Rosa
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1269-1



A region of the primate visual cortex that approximately corresponds to the dorsomedial part of Brodmann’s area 19.


Since the nineteenth century, when scientists started to recognize that the cerebral cortex is a system consisting of multiple functional modules (or “cortical areas”), the systematic study of how the cerebral cortex is divided into areas (“parcellation”) has been one of the main challenges of systems neuroscience. The visual cortex, being one of the largest cortical systems in many species of mammals, has served as a model system for understanding the basic organizing principles of the cerebral cortex.

In Brodmann’s 1909 landmark study of the organization of the cerebral cortex, the visual cortex is situated at the posterior end of the primate cerebral cortex, and it is divided into three areas: 17, 18, and 19 (Fig. 1c, d). Area 17 is positioned at the posterior pole and is surrounded rostrally by the belt-like...
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Monash UniversityClaytonAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Oskar Pineno
    • 1
  1. 1.Hofstra UniversityLong IslandUSA