A region of the primate visual cortex that approximately corresponds to the dorsomedial part of Brodmann’s area 19.
Since the nineteenth century, when scientists started to recognize that the cerebral cortex is a system consisting of multiple functional modules (or “cortical areas”), the systematic study of how the cerebral cortex is divided into areas (“parcellation”) has been one of the main challenges of systems neuroscience. The visual cortex, being one of the largest cortical systems in many species of mammals, has served as a model system for understanding the basic organizing principles of the cerebral cortex.
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