Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior

Living Edition
| Editors: Jennifer Vonk, Todd Shackelford

Dorsomedial Area

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_1269-1

Synonyms

Definition

A region of the primate visual cortex that approximately corresponds to the dorsomedial part of Brodmann’s area 19.

Introduction

Since the nineteenth century, when scientists started to recognize that the cerebral cortex is a system consisting of multiple functional modules (or “cortical areas”), the systematic study of how the cerebral cortex is divided into areas (“parcellation”) has been one of the main challenges of systems neuroscience. The visual cortex, being one of the largest cortical systems in many species of mammals, has served as a model system for understanding the basic organizing principles of the cerebral cortex.

In Brodmann’s 1909 landmark study of the organization of the cerebral cortex, the visual cortex is situated at the posterior end of the primate cerebral cortex, and it is divided into three areas: 17, 18, and 19 (Fig. 1c, d). Area 17 is positioned at the posterior pole and is surrounded rostrally by the belt-like...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Angelucci, A., & Rosa, M. P. G. (2015). Resolving the organization of the third tier visual cortex in primates: A hypothesis-based approach. Visual Neuroscience, 32, e10.Google Scholar
  2. Gamberini, M., Fattori, F., & Galletti, C. (2015). The medial parietal occipital areas in the macaque monkey. Visual Neuroscience, 32, e13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gattass, R., Lima, B., Soares, J. G. M., & Ungerleider, L. G. (2015). Controversies about the visual areas located at the anterior border of area V2 in primates. Visual Neuroscience, 32, e19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lyon, D. C., & Kaas, J. H. (2001). Connectional and architectonic evidence for dorsal and ventral V3, and dorsomedial area in marmoset monkeys. The Journal of Neuroscience, 21, 249–261.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Paxinos, G., Watson, C., Petrides, M., Rosa, M. G. P., & Tokuno, H. (2012). The marmoset brain in stereotaxic coordinates. London: Academic Press/Elsevier.Google Scholar
  6. Pitzalis, S., Fattori, P., & Galletti, C. (2013). The functional role of the medial motion area V6. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 6, e91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Pitzalis, S., Fattori, P., & Galletti, C. (2015). The human cortical areas V6 and V6A. Visual Neuroscience, 32, e7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Rosa, M. G. P., & Tweedale, R. (2005). Brain maps, great and small: Lessons from comparative studies of primate visual cortical organization. Philosophical Transsations of the Royal Society B, 360, 665–691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sereno, M. I., McDonald, C. T., & Allman, J. M. (2015). Retinotopic organization of extrastriate cortex in the owl monkey – Dorsal and lateral areas. Visual Neuroscience, 32, e21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Solomon, S. G., & Rosa, M. G. P. (2014). A simpler primate brain: the visual system of the marmoset monkey. Frontiers in Neural Circuits, 8, e96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Zeki, S. M. (1969). Representation of central visual fields in prestriate cortex of monkey. Brain Research, 14, 271–291.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Monash UniversityClaytonAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Oskar Pineno
    • 1
  1. 1.Hofstra UniversityLong IslandUSA