Advertisement

Shoe Industry

  • José Miguel Martín-Martínez
Living reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter constitutes one of the very few reviews in the existing literature on shoe bonding, and it gives an updated overview of the upper-to-sole bonding by using adhesives. The surface preparation of rubber soles and the formulations of the solvent-borne and waterborne polyurethane and polychloroprene adhesives are described in more detail. The preparation of the adhesive joints and the specific adhesion tests in shoe bonding are also revised. Finally, the most recent developments dealing with shoe bonding are described.

Keywords

Shoe bonding Polyurethane adhesive Polychloroprene adhesive Waterborne adhesives Surface preparation Leather upper Rubber sole Mechanisms of adhesion Testing 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The chapter was not possible without the help of several people who work in my laboratory. The financial support from the Spanish Research Agency (CICYT, MCYT, MICINN), the Generalitat Valencia (Consellería de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Consellería de Industria), and the University of Alicante is greatly appreciated. Last but not least, my deep recognition and gratitude to Antonia Armentia-Agüero (Toñi) for her love and for her help in several figure designs.

References

  1. Abbott SG (1992) Solvent-free adhesives for sole attaching. SATRA Bull 109Google Scholar
  2. Abbott SG, Brewis DM, Manley NE, Mathieson I, Oliver NE (2003) Solvent-free bonding of shoe-soling materials. Int J Adhes Adhes 23:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adams RD (ed) (2005) Adhesive bonding: science, technology and applications. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge. Chapter 18Google Scholar
  4. Alvarez-García S, Martín-Martínez JM (2015) Effect of the carbon black content on the thermal, rheological and mechanical properties of thermoplastic polyurethanes. J Adhes Sci Technol 29(11):1136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amat-Amer JM (1999) Tecnología del Calzado, 3rd Diputación de Alicante, Elda, pp 133–146. Chapters 15 and 16Google Scholar
  6. Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló AC, Martín-Martínez JM (2002) Characterization of thermoplastic polyurethane adhesives with different hard/soft segment ratio containing rosin resin as an internal tackifier. J Adhes Sci Technol 16:1431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bahattab MA, Donate-Robles J, García-Pacios V, Martín-Martínez JM (2011) Characterization of polyurethane adhesives containing nanosilicas of different particle size. Int J Adhes Adhes 31:97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bahattab MA, García-Pacios V, Donate-Robles J, Martín-Martínez JM (2012) Comparative properties of hydrophilic and hydrophobic fumed silica filled two-component polyurethane adhesives. J Adhes Sci Technol 26:303Google Scholar
  9. Barni A, Levi M (2003) Aqueous polyurethane dispersions: a comparative study of polymerization processes. J Appl Polym Sci 88(3):716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Basaka GC, Bandyopadhyay A, Neogic S, Bhowmick AK (2011) Surface modification of argon/oxygen plasma treated vulcanized ethylene propylene diene polymethylene surfaces for improved adhesion with natural rubber. Appl Surf Sci 257:2891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Brewis DM, Dahm RH (2003) Mechanistic studies of pretreatments for elastomers. In: Proceedings of Swiss Bonding 2003. Zurich, p 69Google Scholar
  12. Brewis DM, Dahm RH, Mathieson I (1997) A new general method of pretreating polymers. J Mater Sci Lett 16(2):93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cakić SM, Špírková M, Ristić IS, B-Simendić JK, M-Cincović M, Poręba R (2013) The waterborne polyurethane dispersions based on polycarbonate diol: effect of ionic content. Mater Chem Phys 138(1):277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cantos-Delegido B, Martín-Martínez JM (2015) Treatment with Ar-O2 low-pressure plasma of vulcanized rubber sole containing noticeable amount of processing oils for improving adhesion to upper in shoe industry. J Adhes Sci Technol 29(13):1301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carter AR (1969) Lacsol: problems and a new use. SATRA Bull 13(14):222Google Scholar
  16. Carter AR (1971) Halogenation of thermoplastic rubbers. SATRA Bull 14(13):202Google Scholar
  17. Cepeda-Jiménez CM, Pastor-Blas MM, Ferrándiz-Gómez TP, Martín-Martínez JM (2000) Surface characterization of vulcanized rubber treated with sulfuric acid and its adhesion to polyurethane adhesive. J Adhes 73:135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cepeda-Jiménez CM, Pastor-Blas MM, Ferrándiz-Gómez TP, Martín-Martínez JM (2001) Influence of the styrene content of thermoplastic styrene-butadiene rubbers in the effectiveness of the treatment with sulfuric acid. Int J Adhes Adhes 21:161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Cepeda-Jiménez CM, Pastor-Blas MM, Martín-Martínez JM, Gottschalk P (2002) A new water-based chemical treatment based on sodium dichloroisocyanurate (DCI) for rubber soles in footwear industry. J Adhes Sci Technol 16(3):257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cepeda-Jiménez CM, Pastor-Blas MM, Martín-Martínez JM, Gottschalk P (2003a) Treatment of thermoplastic rubber with bleach as an alternative halogenation treatment in the footwear industry. J Adhes 79(3):207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cepeda-Jiménez CM, Torregrosa-Maciá R, Martín-Martínez JM (2003b) Surface modifications of EVA copolymers by using RF oxidizing and non-oxidizing plasmas. Surf Coat Technol 174–175:94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Cuervo CR, Maldonado AJ (1984) Solution adhesives based on graft polymers of neoprene and methyl methacrylate. Du Pont Elastomers BullGoogle Scholar
  23. Diputación de Alicante (1974) Estudio sobre control de calidad en la industria del calzado. Diputación de Alicante, Alicante, pp 53–115. Chapter IIIGoogle Scholar
  24. Dollhausen M (1985) Polyurethane adhesives. In: Oertel G (ed) Polyurethane handbook. Hanser, Munich, pp 548–562. Chapter 11Google Scholar
  25. Dollhausen M (1988) Polyurethane adhesives based on Baycoll, Desmocoll and Desmodur, Technical report. Bayer AG, LeverkusenGoogle Scholar
  26. Donate-Robles J, Martín-Martínez JM (2011a) Comparative properties of thermoplastic polyurethane adhesive filled with natural or precipitated calcium carbonate. Macromol Symp 301:63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Donate-Robles J, Martín-Martínez JM (2011b) Addition of precipitated calcium carbonate filler to thermoplastic polyurethane adhesives. Int J Adhes Adhes 31:795CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Donate-Robles J, Liauw CW, Martín-Martínez JM (2014) Flow micro-calorimetry and FTIR spectroscopy study of interfacial interactions in uncoated and coated calcium carbonate filled polyurethane adhesives. Macromol Symp 338:72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Extrand CW, Gent AN (1987) Contact angle and spectroscopic studies of chlorinated and unchlorinated natural rubber surfaces. Rubber Chem Technol 61:688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fernández-García JC, Orgilés-Barceló AC, Martín-Martínez JM (1991) Halogenation of styrene-butadiene rubber to improve its adhesion to polyurethane. J Adhes Sci Technol 5:1065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ferrándiz-Gómez T, Almela M, Martín-Martínez JM, Maldonado F, Orgilés-Barceló AC (1994) Effect of surface modification of leather on its joint strength with polyvinyl chloride. J Adhes Sci Technol 8:1043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fisher W (1971) Einheitliche Prüfmethoden für Klebstoffe der Schuhindustrie. Adhäsion 15(1):372Google Scholar
  33. Fisher W, Meuser H (1964) Mindestvoraussetzungen für die Prüfung von Schuklebstoffen. Shuh-Tech 55(9):1039Google Scholar
  34. Frisch KC Jr (2002) Chemistry and technology of polyurethane adhesives. In: Chaudhury M, Pocius AV (eds) Adhesion science and engineering. surface chemistry and applications, vol 2. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 776–801. Chapter 16Google Scholar
  35. García-Martín C, Andreu-Gómez V, Martín-Martínez JM (2010) Surface modification of vulcanized styrene-butadiene rubber with trichloroisocyanuric acid solutions of different active chlorine contents. Int J Adhes Adhes 30:550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. García-Pacios V, Costa V, Colera M, Martín-Martínez JM (2010) Affect of polydispersity on the properties of waterborne polyurethane dispersions based on polycarbonate polyol. Int J Adhes Adhes 30:456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. García-Pacios V, Colera M, Costa V, Martín-Martínez JM (2011a) Waterborne polyurethane dispersions obtained with polycarbonate of hexanediol intended for use as coatings. Prog Org Coat 71:136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. García-Pacios V, Iwata Y, Colera M, Martín-Martínez JM (2011b) Influence of the solids content on the properties of waterborne polyurethane dispersions obtained with polycarbonate of hexanediol. Int J Adhes Adhes 31(8):787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. García-Pacios V, Colera M, Iwata Y, Martín-Martínez JM (2013a) Incidence of the polyol nature in waterborne polyurethane dispersions on their performance as coatings on stainless steel. Prog Org Coat 76(12):1726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. García-Pacios V, Jofre-Reche JA, Costa V, Colera M, Martín Martínez JM (2013b) Coatings prepared from waterborne polyurethane dispersions obtained with polycarbonates of 1,6-hexanediol of different molecular weights. Prog Org Coat 76(10):1484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Guggenberger SK (1990) Neoprene (polychloroprene)-based solvent and latex adhesives. In: Skeist I (ed) Handbook of adhesives, 3rd edn. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 284–306. Chapter 15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Guidetti G, Sacchetti G, Tribelhorn U (1992) In: Gum WF, Riese W, Ulrich H (eds) Footwear, in reaction polymers. Hanser, Munich, p 649. Chapter IV-HGoogle Scholar
  43. Hace D, Kovacevic V, Manoglovic D, Smit I (1990) The investigation of structural and morphological changes after the chlorination of rubber surfaces. Angew Makromol Chem 176:161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Harrington WF (1990) Elastomeric adhesives. In: Engineered materials handbook. Adhesives and sealants, 3. ASM International, Washington, DC, pp 143–150Google Scholar
  45. Hu S, Luo X, Li Y (2015) Production of polyols and waterborne polyurethane dispersions from biodiesel-derived crude glycerol. J Appl Polym Sci 132(6):41425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Huang SM, Chen TK (2007) Effects of ion group content and polyol molecular weight on physical properties of HTPB-based waterborne poly(urethane-urea)s. J Appl Polym Sci 105(6):3794Google Scholar
  47. Jang JY, Jhon YK, Cheong IW, Kim JH (2002) Effect of process variables on molecular weight and mechanical properties of water-based polyurethane dispersion. Colloids Surf A: Physicochem Eng Asp 196(2–3):135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Jaúregui-Beloqui B, Fernández-García JC, Orgilés-Barceló AC, Mahiques-Bujanda MM, Martín-Martínez JM (1999) Rheological properties of thermoplastic polyurethane adhesive solutions containing fumed silicas of different surface areas. Int J Adhes Adhes 19:321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Jofre-Reche JA, Martín-Martínez JM (2013) Selective surface oxidation of ethylene-vinyl acetate and ethylene polymer blend by UV-ozone treatment. Int J Adhes Adhes 43:42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Keibal NA, Bondarenko SN, Kablov VF (2011) Modification of adhesive compositions based on polychloroprene with element-containing adhesion promoters. Polym Sci Ser D 4(4):267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Kelly DJ, McDonald JW (1963) Solution compatibility of neoprene with elastomers and resins. Du Pont Elastomers BullGoogle Scholar
  52. Kim BK, Lee JC (1996) Waterborne polyurethanes and their properties. J Polym Sci A: Polym Chem 34(6):1095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Kim BK, Kim TK, Jeong HM (1994) Aqueous dispersion of polyurethane anionomers from H12MDI/IPDI, PCL, BD, and DMPA. J Appl Polym Sci 53(3):371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Kotrade Ph, Jofre-Reche JA, Martín-Martínez JM (2011) Surface modification of natural vulcanized rubbers containing excess of antiadherent moieties. In: Proceedings of adhesion 2011, LondonGoogle Scholar
  55. Kozakiewicz J (1991) Polyurethanes and isocyanates containing hydrophilic groups as potential components of water-borne adhesives. In: Allen KW (ed) Adhesion 15. Elsevier, London, pp 80–101. Chapter 6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Kueker P, Jeske W, Melchiors M (2016) Modern waterborne contact adhesives: 1k application property level. In: Proceedings of FEICA 2016 conference, Vienna. Paper 16-BOS-05-2Google Scholar
  57. Landete-Ruiz MD, Martín-Martínez JM (2005) Surface modification of EVA copolymer by UV treatment. Int J Adhes Adhes 25:139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Landete-Ruiz MD, Martín-Martínez JM (2015) Improvement of adhesion and paint ability of EVA copolymers with different vinyl acetate contents by treatment with UV-ozone. Int J Adhes Adhes 58:34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Lawson DF, Kim KJ, Fritz TL (1996) Chemical modification of rubber surfaces: XPS survey of the reactions of trichloroisocyanuric acid at the surfaces of vulcanized elastomers. Rubber Chem Technol 69:245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Lee SK, Kim BK (2009) High solid and high stability waterborne polyurethane via ionic groups in soft segments and chain termini. J Colloid Interface Sci 336(1):208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Lijie H, Yongtao D, Zhiliang Z, Zhongsheng S, Zhihua S (2015) Synergistic effect of anionic and nonionic monomers on the synthesis of high solid content waterborne polyurethane. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 467(20):46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Liu X, Xu K, Liu H, Cai H, Su J, Fu Z, Guo Y, Chen M (2011) Preparation and properties of waterborne polyurethanes with natural dimer fatty acids based polyester polyol as soft segment. Prog Org Coat 72(4):612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Lyons D, Christell LA (1997) Waterborne polychloroprene adhesives. Adhes Sealants Ind 46Google Scholar
  64. Maciá-Agulló TG, Fernández-García JC, Pastor-Sempere N, Orgilés-Barceló AC, Martín-Martínez JM (1992) Addition of silica to polyurethane adhesives. J Adhes 38:31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Madbouly SA, Otaigbe JU, Nanda AK, Wicks DA (2005) Rheological behavior of aqueous polyurethane dispersions: effects of solid content, degree of neutralization, chain extension, and temperature. Macromolecules 38(9):4014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Martin D (1971) Cork sandals. Weaknesses to guard against. SATRA Bull 14(13):195Google Scholar
  67. Martínez-García A, Sánchez-Reche A, Martín-Martínez JM (2003a) Surface modifications on EVA treated with sulfuric acid. J Adhes 79(6):525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Martínez-García A, Sánchez-Reche A, Gisbert-Soler S, Cepeda-Jiménez CM, Torregrosa-Maciá R, Martín-Martínez JM (2003b) Treatment of EVA with corona discharge to improve its adhesion to polychloroprene adhesive. J Adhes Sci Technol 17(1):47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Martín-Martínez JM (2002) Rubber base adhesives. In: Chaudhury M, Pocius AV (eds) Adhesion science and engineering. surfaces chemistry and applications, vol 2. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 573–675. Chapter 13Google Scholar
  70. Martín-Martínez JM (2008) Improving adhesion of rubber. In: Bhowmick AK (ed) Current topics in elastomers research. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 761–773Google Scholar
  71. Moreno-Couranjou M, Choquet P, Guillot J, Migeon HN (2009) Surface modification of natural vulcanized rubbers by atmospheric dielectric barrier discharges plasma treatments. Plasma Process Polym 6:S397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Moyano MA, Martín-Martínez JM (2014) Surface treatment with UV-ozone to improve adhesion of vulcanized rubber formulated with an excess of processing oil. Int J Adhes Adhes 55:106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Mumtaz F, Zuber M, Zia KM, Jamil T, Hussain R (2013) Synthesis and properties of aqueous polyurethane dispersions: influence of molecular weight of polyethylene glycol. Korean J Chem Eng 30(12):2259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Oldfield D, Symes TEF (1983) Surface modification of elastomers for bonding. J Adhes 16:77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Orgilés-Calpena E, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C, Martín-Martínez JM (2009a) Addition of different amounts of a urethane-based thickener to waterborne polyurethane adhesive. Int J Adhes Adhes 29:309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Orgilés-Calpena E, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C, Martín-Martínez JM (2009b) Influence of the chemical structure of urethane-based thickeners on the properties of waterborne polyurethane adhesives. J Adhes 85:665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Orgilés-Calpena E, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C, Martín-Martínez JM (2009c) Effect of annealing on the properties of waterborne polyurethane adhesive containing urethane-based thickener. Int J Adhes Adhes 29:774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Orgilés-Calpena E, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C, Martín-Martínez JM (2009d) Addition of urethane-based thickener to waterborne polyurethane adhesives having different NCO/OH ratios and ionic groups contents. J Adhes Sci Technol 23:1953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Orgilés-Calpena E, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C (2016a) Influence of the chain extender nature on adhesives properties or polyurethane dispersions. J Dispers Sci Technol 33(1):147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Orgilés-Calpena E, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C (2016b) Novel polyurethane reactive hot melt adhesives based on polycarbonate polyols derived from CO2 for the footwear industry. Int J Adhes Adhes 70:218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Ortiz-Magán AB, Pastor-Blas MM, Ferrándiz-Gómez TP, Morant-Zacarés C, Martín-Martínez JM (2001) Surface modifications produced by N2 and O2 RF-plasma treatment on a synthetic vulcanised rubber. Plasmas Polym 6(1,2):81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Paiva RMM, Marques EAS, da Silva LFM, António CAC, Arán-Ais F (2016) Adhesives in the footwear industry. Proc IMechE Part L: J Mater: Des Appl 230(2):357Google Scholar
  83. Pastor-Blas MM, Martín-Martínez JM, Dillard JG (1998) Surface characterization of synthetic vulcanized rubber treated with oxygen plasma. Surf Interf Anal 26:385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Pastor-Blas MM, Ferrándiz-Gómez TP, Martín-Martínez JM (2000) Chlorination of vulcanized styrene-butadiene rubber using solutions of trichloroisocyanuric acid in different solvents. J Adhes Sci Technol 14:561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Pastor-Sempere N, Fernández-García JC, Orgilés-Barceló AC, Torregrosa-Maciá R, Martín-Martínez JM (1995) Fumaric acid as a promoter of adhesion in vulcanized synthetic rubbers. J Adhes 50:25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Penczek P, Nachtkamp K (1987) Resins used in adhesives. In: Frisch K, Reegen S (eds) Advances in urethane science and technology, vol 4. Technomic, Las Vegas, p 121Google Scholar
  87. Pérez-Limiñana MA, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló AC, Martín-Martínez JM (2003) Modification of the rheological properties of polyurethanes by adding fumed silica: influence of the preparation procedure. Macromol Symp 194:161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Pérez-Limiñana MA, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C, Martín-Martínez JM (2006) Structure and properties of waterborne polyurethane adhesives obtained by different methods. J Adhes Sci Technol 20(6):519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Pérez-Limiñana MA, Arán-Aís F, Torró-Palau AM, Orgilés-Barceló C, Martín-Martínez JM (2007) Influence of the hard-to-soft segment ratio on the adhesion of water-borne polyurethane adhesive. J Adhes Sci Technol 21(8):755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Pettit D, Carter AR (1964) Adhesion of translucent rubber soling. SATRA Bull 11(2):17Google Scholar
  91. Pettit D, Carter AR (1973) Behaviour of urethane adhesives on rubber surfaces. J Adhes 5:333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Radabutra S, Thanawan S, Amornsakchai T (2009) Chlorination and characterization of natural rubber and its adhesion to nitrile rubber. Eur Polym J 45:2017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Rahman MM (2013) Synthesis and properties of waterborne polyurethane adhesives: effect of chain extender of ethylene diamine, butanediol, and fluoro-butanediol. J Adhes Sci Technol 27(23):2592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Rahman MM, Kim H (2006) Synthesis and characterization of waterborne polyurethane adhesives containing different amount of ionic group (I). J Appl Polym Sci 102(6):5684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Rahman MM, Lee I, Chun H, Kim H, Park H (2014) Properties of waterborne polyurethane-fluorinated marine coatings: the effect of different types of diisocyanates and tetrafluorobutanediol chain extender content. J Appl Polym Sci 131:39905Google Scholar
  96. Romero-Sánchez MD, Martín-Martínez JM (2003) Treatment of vulcanised styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) with mixtures of trichloroisocyanuric acid and fumaric acid. J Adhes 79:1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Romero-Sánchez MD, Pastor-Blas MM, Martín-Martínez JM (2003a) Treatment of a styrene-butadiene-styrene rubber with corona discharge to improve the adhesion to polyurethane adhesive. Int J Adhes Adhes 23(1):49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Romero-Sánchez MD, Pastor-Blas MM, Martín-Martínez JM, Walzak MJ (2003b) UV treatment of synthetic styrene-butadiene-styrene rubber. J Adhes Sci Technol 17(1):25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Romero-Sánchez MD, Martín-Martínez JM (2008) UV-ozone surface treatment of SBS rubbers containing fillers: influence of the filler nature on the extent of surface modification and adhesion. J Adhes Sci Technol 22(2):147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. SATRA-Preparation of leather uppers (1963) SATRA Bull 10(17):229Google Scholar
  101. Schollenberger CS (1977) Polyurethane and isocyanate-based adhesives. In: Skeist I (ed) Handbook of adhesives, 3rd edn. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  102. Souza EMM, da Costa W, Silva LGA, Wiebeck H (2016) Behavior of adhesion forces of the aqueous-based polychloroprene adhesive magnetically conditioned. J Adhes Sci Technol 30(15):1689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Sultan Nasar A, Srinivasan G, Mohan R, Radhakrishnan G (1998) Polyurethane solvent-based adhesives for footwear applications. J Adhes 68:21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Tanno T, Shibuya L (1967) Special behaviour of para tertiary phenol dialcohol in polychloroprene adhesives. Adhesives and Sealant Council MeetingGoogle Scholar
  105. Torregrosa-Coque R, Martín-Martínez JM (2011) Influence of the configuration of the plasma chamber on the surface modification of synthetic vulcanized rubber treated with low-pressure oxygen RF plasma. Plasma Process Polym 8:1080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Torregrosa-Coque R, Alvarez-García S, Martín-Martínez JM (2011a) Effect of temperature on the extent of migration of low molecular weight moieties to rubber surface. Int J Adhes Adhes 31(1):20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Torregrosa-Coque R, Alvarez-García S, Martín-Martínez JM (2011b) Migration of low molecular weight moiety at rubber-polyurethane interface: an ATR-IR study. Int J Adhes Adhes 31:389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Torregrosa-Coque R, Alvarez-García S, Martín-Martínez JM (2012) Migration of paraffin wax to sulphur vulcanized styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) surface: effect of temperature. J Adhes Sci Technol 26(6):813Google Scholar
  109. Tyczkowsky J, Krawczyk I, Wozniak B, Martín Martínez JM (2009) Low-pressure plasma chlorination of styrene-butadiene block copolymer for improved adhesion to polyurethane adhesives. Eur Polym J 45:1825Google Scholar
  110. Vega-Baudrit J, Sibaja-Ballestero M, Nuñez S, Martín-Martínez JM (2009) Study of the relationship between nanoparticles of silica and thermoplastic polymer (TPU) in nanocomposites. J Nanotech Prog Int (JONPI) 1:24Google Scholar
  111. Vélez-Pagés T (2003) Modificación de un serraje sin lijar por aplicación de un agente imprimante monocomponente para mejorar su adhesión a adhesivos de poliuretano. Master thesis, University of AlicanteGoogle Scholar
  112. Vicent BJ, Natarajan B (2014) Waterborne polyurethane from polycaprolactone and tetramethylxylene diisocyanate: synthesis by varying NCO/OH ratio and its characterization as wood coatings. Open J Org Polym Mater 4(1):37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Vukov R (1984) Halogenation of butyl rubber – a model compound approach. Rubber Chem Technol 57(2):275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Wang H, Zhou Y, He M, Dai Z (2015) Effects of soft segments on the waterproof of anionic waterborne polyurethane. Colloid Polym Sci 293(3):875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Whitehouse RS (1986) Contact adhesives. In: Wake WC (ed) Synthetic adhesives and sealants. Wiley, Chichester, pp 1–29. Chapter 1Google Scholar
  116. Yañez-Pacios A, Antoniac I, Martín-Martínez JM (2013) Surface modification and adhesion of vulcanized rubber containing an excess of paraffin wax treated with 2 wt% trichloroisocyanuric acid solution at different temperature. In: Proceeding of 36th adhesion society conference, Daytona Beach. Soft adhesives I -paper 1Google Scholar
  117. Yang C, Yang H, Wen T, Wu M, Chang J (1999) Mixture design approaches to IPDI-H6XDI-XDI ternary diisocyanate-based waterborne polyurethanes. Polymer 40(4):871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Yang Z, Zhu Y, Peng F, Fu C (2014) Preparation and application of undecylenate based diol for bio-based waterborne polyurethane dispersion. Adv Mater Res 955–959:88Google Scholar
  119. Yin L, Zhou H, Quan Y, Fang J, Chen Q (2012) Prompt modification of styrene-butadiene rubber surface with trichloroisocyanuric acid by increasing chlorination temperature. J Appl Polym Sci 124:661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Zhang K, Shen H, Zhang X, Lan R, Chen H (2009) Preparation and properties of a waterborne contact adhesive based on polychloroprene latex and styrene-acrylate emulsion blend. J Adhes Sci Technol 23(1):163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Zhang K, Huang C, Shen H, Chen H (2012) Modification of polychloroprene rubber latex by grafting polymerization and its application as a waterborne contact adhesive. J Adhes 88(2):119CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Adhesion and Adhesives LaboratoryUniversity of AlicanteAlicanteSpain

Personalised recommendations