Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2017 Edition
| Editors: Fátima Carneiro, Paula Chaves, Arzu Ensari

Vasculitis, Upper Gastrointestinal

  • Susana RodriguesEmail author
Reference work entry


Gastrointestinal angiitis; Gastrointestinal manifestations of vasculitis; Localized vasculitis of the gastrointestinal tract; Vasculitides of the gastrointestinal tract


Vasculitis is a general term for a group of uncommon diseases that are defined by inflammation of the blood vessel walls. Each of the vasculitis diseases has a characteristic distribution of blood vessels, pattern of organ involvement, and laboratory test abnormalities. The actual causes of vasculitides are unknown, but they are generally associated to an immune system abnormality. They are grouped as primary or secondary and localized or systemic. The primary systemic vasculitides are rare and affect blood vessels that may manifest as self-limiting illnesses with a good prognosis (e.g., childhood Henoch-Schonlein purpura) to multi-organ failure with a high rate of mortality if left untreated (e.g., Wegener’s granulomatosis). Secondary vasculitides are those caused by underlying rheumatic connective...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Ahn, E., Luk, A., Chetty, R., & Butany, J. (2009). Vasculitides of the gastrointestinal tract. Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology, 26, 77–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jennette, J. C., Falk, R. J., Andrassy, K., et al. (1994). Nomenclature of systemic vasculitides. Proposal of an international consensus conference. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 37, 187–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Morgan, M. D., & Savage, O. S. (2005). Vasculitis in the gastrointestinal tract. Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology, 19, 215–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Pagnoux, C., Mahr, A., Cohen, P., & Guillevin, L. (2005). Presentation and outcome of gastrointestinal involvement in systemic necrotizing vasculitides: Analysis of 62 patients with polyarteritis nodosa, microscopic polyangiitis, Wegener granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, or rheumatoid arthritis-associated vasculitis. Medicine, 84, 115–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Salvarani, C., Calamia, K. T., Crowson, C. S., et al. (2010). Localized vasculitis of the gastrointestinal tract: A case series. Rheumatology, 49, 1326–1335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Serviço de Gastrenterologia, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Alameda Professor Hernani MonteiroPortoPortugal