Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

2017 Edition
| Editors: Fátima Carneiro, Paula Chaves, Arzu Ensari

Intestinal Tuberculosis

  • Andrzej MrózEmail author
Reference work entry


Intestinal caseating granulomas disease


Intestinal manifestation of tuberculosis, infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium species mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Most of the cases represents secondary spread of pulmonary tuberculosis via swallowing of infected sputum, hematogenous, spread or direct extension from adjacent structures. Ileocaecal and jejunoileal segments are most commonly involved sites followed by duodenal, appendiceal, and anal/perianal sites. Peritoneal tuberculosis may be the case in substantial number of patients with ascites and clinically relevant adhesions. In rare cases, intestinal tuberculosis may be primary due to ingestion of infected milk from contaminated cows. This situation may take place in countries where milk pasteurization is not performed. Apart from intestines, primary tuberculosis may also localize in oral mucosa and tonsils. In these cases, Mycobacterium bovisspecies must be taken into account. Extrapulmonary...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Further Reading

  1. Fenoglio-Preiser, C., et al. (1999). Gastrointestinal pathology plus: An atlas and text. Philadelphia: Lippincott Willialms & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  2. Lamps L. (2009). Surgical pathology of the gastrointestinal system: bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic infections. Springer Science+Business Media.Google Scholar
  3. Rolo, R., Campainha, S., & Duarte, R. (2012). Crohn’s disease and intestinal tuberculosis: A clinical challenge. Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia, 18(04), 205–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterology and HepatologyHistopathology Unit, Medical Center for Postgraduate EducationWarsawPoland