National Programs and Policies to Address Child Malnutrition in India: Challenges and Opportunities

  • Apurv Soni
  • Sania Masoud
  • Zulfiqar Bhutta
Living reference work entry


Despite India’s progress in launching and scaling up programs aimed at achieving optimal child nutrition over the last decade, India fell short of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals. This chapter reviews existing national level programs that address child nutrition, details their performance, and recommends changes that can enhance their impact on child nutrition. Specifically, we identify challenges and opportunities in the implementation and operation of national level programs, which currently function in silos and lack a cohesive coordinating strategy. This chapter also documents the palpable interest in advancing maternal and child health through national policy, advocacy, and social engagement that pervades India.


Child nutrition India Health policy National programs Nutrition framework Governance Implementation science Advocacy Rural-urban disparities Social determinants of health 

List of Abbreviations


Accredited Social Health Activists


Integrated Child Development Services


Mothers Absolute Affection


National Health Mission


Nutritional Rehabilitation Centers


National Rural Employment Guarantee Act


National Rural Health Mission


Oral Rehydration Salts


Public Distribution System


Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model


United Nationals International Children’s Emergency Fund


World Health Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical and Population Health Research, Quantitative Health SciencesUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.School of MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.University of Michigan School of Public HealthAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.SickKids Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Centre of Excellence in Women and Child HealthThe Aga Khan UniversityKarachiPakistan

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