National Programs and Policies to Address Child Malnutrition in India: Challenges and Opportunities

Living reference work entry

Abstract

Despite India’s progress in launching and scaling up programs aimed at achieving optimal child nutrition over the last decade, India fell short of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals. This chapter reviews existing national level programs that address child nutrition, details their performance, and recommends changes that can enhance their impact on child nutrition. Specifically, we identify challenges and opportunities in the implementation and operation of national level programs, which currently function in silos and lack a cohesive coordinating strategy. This chapter also documents the palpable interest in advancing maternal and child health through national policy, advocacy, and social engagement that pervades India.

Keywords

Child nutrition India Health policy National programs Nutrition framework Governance Implementation science Advocacy Rural-urban disparities Social determinants of health 

List of Abbreviations

ASHA

Accredited Social Health Activists

ICDS

Integrated Child Development Services

MAA

Mothers Absolute Affection

NHM

National Health Mission

NRC

Nutritional Rehabilitation Centers

NREGA

National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

NRHM

National Rural Health Mission

ORS

Oral Rehydration Salts

PDS

Public Distribution System

PRISM

Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model

UNICEF

United Nationals International Children’s Emergency Fund

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clinical and Population Health Research, Quantitative Health SciencesUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.School of MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.University of Michigan School of Public HealthAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.SickKids Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Centre of Excellence in Women and Child HealthThe Aga Khan UniversityKarachiPakistan

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