Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

2018 Edition
| Editors: William M. White

Bromine

  • Hélène BureauEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39312-4_83

Element Data

Atomic Symbol: Br

Atomic Number: 35

Atomic Weight: 79.901–79.907

Stable Isotopes: 79Br: 50.5–50.8%

81Br: 49.2–49.5%

1 Atm Melting Point: 266 K

1 Atm Boiling Point: 332.7 K

1 Atm of Nebular Condensationa: 546 K

Valence State: 4s2p5

Common Valences: −1, 0, +1, +3, +5

Common Ions: Br, BrO, BrO3, BrO4

Ionic Radiusa: 196 pm

Pauling Electronegativity: 2.96

First Ionization Potential: 1139.9 kJ/mol

Chondritic (CI) Abundance b: 3.26 ppm

Silicate Earth Abundance cb: 50–75 ppb

Crustal Abundanced: 0.88 ppm

Oceanic Cruste: 0.17 ppm

Depleted Mantlee: 0.02 ppm

Seawater Abundancef: ~67 ppm

Evaporitesg: 151 ppm

Sediments + Pore Waterh: 97 ppm

Tropospherei: 0.016 ppbv

Core Abundancej: ~0.7 ppm

from: aJ. Meija et al. (2016) bJambon et al. 1995; cMcDonough and Sun; dRudnick and Gao 2003; eSchilling et al. 1980; fBruland and Lohan 2003; gHay et al. 2006; hKnaugh (1998); iWarneck 2000; jMcDonough, 2005.

Properties

Bromine is the third halogen element located in the group XVII of the...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Minéralogie, de Physique desMatériaux et de Cosmochimie (IMPMC)Sorbonne Universités – UPMCUniv. Paris 06, CNRSUMR 7590, MuséumNational d’Histoire NaturelleParisFrance