Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

2018 Edition
| Editors: William M. White

Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy, and Infrared Spectroscopy

  • Michael A. RutzkeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39312-4_57


Analytical spectroscopy is about measuring and recording the observations that occur when matter (atoms, ions, and molecules) interacts with or is exposed to thermal heating and/or electromagnetic radiation (light).


The interactions that occur when matter interacts with electromagnetic radiation in the infrared and microwave range (thermal heating) and/or the visible range (light) allow us to identify the chemical species in a sample and to investigate their structures and physicochemical properties. This is possible because matter emits photons with energies equal to the energy differences between the initial and the final states that occur after stimulation of the matter. A stimulating source can be thermal, electrical, chemical, physical, or electromagnetic. This chapter will focus on stimulations (excitation) due to electromagnetic and thermal heating. These excited transitions are quantized – meaning atoms, ions, and molecules exist only in discrete states...

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Further Reading

  1. Miller DD, Rutzke MA (2010) Atomic absorption spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. In: Nielsen SS (ed), 4th edn. Springer, New York, PP 421–442Google Scholar
  2. Robinson JW (1966) Atomic absorption spectroscopy, 1st edn. Marcell Decker. Inc, New York, pp 1–103Google Scholar
  3. Robinson JW et al (2014a) Introduction to spectroscopy. In: Robinson JW (ed) Undergraduate instrumental analysis, 7th edn. CRC press, Boca Raton, pp 61–112Google Scholar
  4. Robinson JW et al (2014b) Infrared, near-infrared and Raman spectroscopy. In: Robinson JW (ed) Undergraduate instrumental analysis, 7th edn. CRC press, Boca Raton, pp 243–264Google Scholar
  5. Robinson JW et al (2014c) Atomic absorption spectroscopy. In: Robinson JW (ed) Undergraduate instrumental analysis, 7th edn. CRC press, Boca Raton, pp 441–505Google Scholar
  6. Silverstein RM et al (1981) Infrared spectrometry. In: Silverstein RM et al (eds) Spectrometric identification of organic compounds, 4th edn. Wiley, New York, pp 95–111Google Scholar
  7. Wehling RL (2010) Infrared spectroscopy. In: Nielsen SS (ed), 4th edn. Springer, New York, pp 409–420Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Nutrient Analysis LabCornell UniversityIthacaUSA