Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy, and Infrared Spectroscopy
Analytical spectroscopy is about measuring and recording the observations that occur when matter (atoms, ions, and molecules) interacts with or is exposed to thermal heating and/or electromagnetic radiation (light).
The interactions that occur when matter interacts with electromagnetic radiation in the infrared and microwave range (thermal heating) and/or the visible range (light) allow us to identify the chemical species in a sample and to investigate their structures and physicochemical properties. This is possible because matter emits photons with energies equal to the energy differences between the initial and the final states that occur after stimulation of the matter. A stimulating source can be thermal, electrical, chemical, physical, or electromagnetic. This chapter will focus on stimulations (excitation) due to electromagnetic and thermal heating. These excited transitions are quantized – meaning atoms, ions, and molecules exist only in discrete states...
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