Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

2018 Edition
| Editors: William M. White

Calorimetry

  • Masaki AkaogiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39312-4_300

Definition

In major areas in Earth Science, particularly geochemistry, petrology, and mineralogy, one of fundamental theoretical frameworks is thermodynamics which is expressed by thermodynamic functions: Gibbs energy, Helmholtz energy, enthalpy, entropy, heat capacity, etc. Calorimetry means experiments to measure heat changes which lead to the thermodynamic quantities. A calorimeter is an instrument used to measure the heat change associated with change of a substance. The heat change at a constant pressure is equal to enthalpy change. Calorimetric measurements are generally divided into two categories (Sorai 2004). The first one is measurement of heat capacity, and the second is measurement of heat of reaction.

Heat Capacity Measurement

The heat capacity is defined as absorbed heat energy divided by the associated temperature change in a substance, and customarily two different heat capacities are defined, Cp and Cv, relating to temperature change at constant pressure and to that...

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References

  1. Navrotsky A (1997) Progress and new directions in high temperature calorimetry revisited. Phys Chem Minerals 24:222–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Navrotsky A (2014) Progress and new directions in calorimetry: a 2014 perspective. J Am Ceram Soc 97:3349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Robie RA, Hemingway BS (1995) Thermodynamic properties of minerals and related substances at 298.15 K and 1 bar (105 Pascals) pressure and at higher temperatures. US Geol Surv 2131: 461ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Sorai M (2004) Comprehensive handbook of calorimetry and thermal analysis. Wiley, London, 534 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryGakushuin UniversityTokyoJapan