Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

2018 Edition
| Editors: William M. White

Boron

  • Christophe LécuyerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39312-4_253

Element Data

Atomic Symbol: B

Atomic Number: 5

Atomic Weight: [10.806, 10.821]

Isotopes and Abundances: 10B: 19.9 ± 7%, 11B: 80.1 ± 7

1 Atm Melting Point: 2,350 °C

1 Atm Boiling Point: 4,000 °C

Common Valences: +3

Ionic Radii: atomic radius = 87 pm, covalent radius = 84 pm

Pauling Electronegativity: 2.04

First Ionization Potential: 800.6 kJ.mol−1

Chondritic (CI) Abundance: 0.78 ppm (16.9 ± 2.2 atoms/106Si)

Silicate Earth Abundance: 0.26 ± 0.04 ppm

Crustal Abundance: 17 ppm

Seawater Abundance: 4.5 ppm

Core Abundance: ~0

Properties

Boron is a metalloid with a rhombohedral crystal structure. This element belongs to the group 13 and period 2 of the periodic table (Fig. 1). Boron has sixteen known isotopes of which two are stable, 10B and 11B, of relative atomic mass 10.01293695(41) and 11.00930536(45) (source of data: National Institute of Standards and Technology): http://www.nist.gov/pml/data/comp.cfm. Geochemists measure the relative variations in the 11B/ 10B of terrestrial and...
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon, LGL-TPECNRS UMR 5276, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 and Institut Universitaire de FranceLyonFrance