Experimental Mineralogy and Petrology
Experimental mineralogy and petrology is an Earth science discipline that models or simulates mineralogical, petrological, and geochemical processes within the laboratory in order to understand the physical and chemical properties of minerals, rocks, melts, and fluids and their interactions. For example, most of Earth’s interior and that of other planets are not accessible to direct study. Thus, various types of high-pressure and high-temperature experiments are carried out in order to obtain an understanding of deep Earth and planetary structure and behavior.
History and Introduction
The field of experimental mineralogy and petrology, which constitutes a part of the geological or Earth sciences, can be traced back for at least 200 years. The Scottish geologist Sir James Hall (1761–1832) is considered to be the father of experimental petrology. His laboratory experiments on the melting and crystallization of basaltic magmas were decisive in resolving the debate between the...
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