Dry Eye

  • Nages Nagaratnam
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
  • Gary Cheuk
Reference work entry


Dry eye syndrome (DES) is caused by alterations to the tear film and anterior surface of the eye. It is a common problem. Patients with DES complain of itchiness, stinging or burning or a feeling of a foreign body in the eye and tired eye. If untreated, it may lead to damage of the cornea, transient fluctuations of vision and blepharitis.


Dry eye Sjogren’s Blepharitis Tarsorrhaphy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nages Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Gary Cheuk
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of SydneyWestmead Clinical SchoolWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation and Aged Care ServiceBlacktown-Mt Druitt HospitalMount DruittAustralia

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