Oral Issues in the Elderly

  • Nages Nagaratnam
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
  • Gary Cheuk
Reference work entry


Oral health is an essential component to an elderly’s general health and affecting quality of life. Oral health declines with age leading to high levels of tooth loss, dental caries and the prevalence rates of periodontal disease, ill-fitting denture, mucosal lesions, oral ulceration, xerostomia and oral precancer and cancer and has been evident in older people with poor oral health globally. Caries, attrition and abrasion increase with age. Periodontitis has worldwide prevalence and affects individuals of all ages but is most common in the elderly. The proportion of pathological tooth wear in the 65 years and older people is three times that seen in people aged 26–30 years. Edentulism increases with age and in the 75 years and older with 31.5% being females and 9.6% males. This chapter provides an overview of the oral issues in the elderly, their prevalence and clinical care.


Oral health Caries Periodontitis Tooth wear Edentulism 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nages Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Gary Cheuk
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of SydneyWestmead Clinical SchoolWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation and Aged Care ServiceBlacktown-Mt Druitt HospitalMount DruittAustralia

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