Polymyalgia Rheumatica

  • Nages Nagaratnam
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
  • Gary Cheuk
Reference work entry


Polymyalgia rheumatica usually affects persons over the age of 60 years and the average age is 72 years and women are more affected than men. It is characterized by proximal myalgia of the shoulder and pelvic girdles accompanied by morning stiffness and nonspecific systemic symptoms. Bilateral subacromial subdeltoid bursitis is deemed to be a feature of PMR. About 16–21% of the patients with PMR develop giant cell arteritis (GCA) and about half the patients with GCA have associated PMR. PMR shows prompt and good response to corticosteroids.


Polymyalgia rheumatic Giant cell arteritis PMR-like syndrome Bilateral subacromial subdeltoid bursitis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nages Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Gary Cheuk
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of SydneyWestmead Clinical SchoolWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation and Aged Care ServiceBlacktown-Mt Druitt HospitalMount DruittAustralia

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