Large Joints

  • Nages Nagaratnam
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
  • Gary Cheuk
Reference work entry


Shoulder pain is usually due to injury to one of the structures comprising the joint. The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint and is formed by the articulation of the rounded head of the femur and the cup-like acetabulum formed by the union of three pelvic bones. A good history and physical examination usually determine the cause of the shoulder, hip and knee pain.


Shoulder pain Hip pain Knee pain Rotator cuff tears/strain Trendelenburg gait 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nages Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Gary Cheuk
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of SydneyWestmead Clinical SchoolWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation and Aged Care ServiceBlacktown-Mt Druitt HospitalMount DruittAustralia

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