Prostate Gland and Related Disorders

  • Nages Nagaratnam
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
  • Gary Cheuk
Reference work entry


The transition zone of the prostate enlarges with age by developing benign prostatic hypertrophy, and the proliferative process occurs exclusively in the transition zone and periurethral glands. Benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) is a common part of ageing, and by the age of 80 years, about 90% of the men will have histological evidence of BPH. The diagnosis is based on the history followed by digital rectal examination (DRE) which is an integral part in the evaluation. Prostatitis is an inflammatory disorder, bacterial or nonbacterial and can be acute or chronic. Prostatic abscess is a focal accumulation of pus within the prostate. Carcinoma of the prostate is the commonest malignancy among elderly men affecting 30% of men at the age of 50 and 90% at the age of 90 years. The review summarises the main group of prostate disorders with the main focus on the management.


Benign prostatic hypertrophy Prostatitis Prostatic abscess Carcinoma of the prostate 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nages Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Gary Cheuk
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of SydneyWestmead Clinical SchoolWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation and Aged Care ServiceBlacktown-Mt Druitt HospitalMount DruittAustralia

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