Cardiac Arrhythmias

  • Nages Nagaratnam
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
  • Gary Cheuk
Reference work entry


Cardiac arrhythmias are a large concern among the elderly with increasing prevalence. Atrial premature contractions increase with age and were seen in up to 95% of older healthy volunteers at rest and during exercise in the absence of detectable cardiac disease. About 40% of the people who die from cardiovascular disease suffer from arrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation is common in the elderly, and the incidence and prevalence increase with age, with a prevalence of 8% in people 80 years and over. Drug therapy has a key role in the treatment of arrhythmias especially in long-term therapy. There are an array of procedures and devices for non-pharmacological treatment of arrhythmias. In elderly patients with AF, there is an increased risk of heart failure and embolic events which have a negative effect on the QoL and mental function. The present review will highlight the improvement that has occurred in clinical care.


Cardiac arrhythmias Atrial fibrillation Multiform ventricular ectopy Drug therapy Procedures and devices for non-pharmacological treatment 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nages Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Kujan Nagaratnam
    • 1
  • Gary Cheuk
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of SydneyWestmead Clinical SchoolWestmeadAustralia
  2. 2.Rehabilitation and Aged Care ServiceBlacktown-Mt Druitt HospitalMount DruittAustralia

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