Local Governments and Crisis Management

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_838-1



Crisis management refers to the efforts made by organizations to prepare for, respond to, recover from, and mitigate against disasters and crises.


In the Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management (Farazmand 2001), the editor’s discussion of the nature of crisis is still relevant today as it was in 2000, in the context of its impact on local government. The editor accurately states that crises, “scramble plans, interrupt continuities, and brutally paralyze normal government operations and human lives” (p. 3). He elaborates that there are “two types of crisis: a process-oriented one developing over a period of time, and the other a sudden rupture developing within weeks, days, hours, or even minutes” (Farazmand 1996). The first description of what constitutes a crisis has been applied generally to a local government experiencing...


Local Government Natural Disaster Emergency Management Disaster Management Crisis Management 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Emergency ManagementCity of Miramar Fire-Rescue DepartmentMiramarUSA