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Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Trade Measures

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Trade theories; World Trade Organization

Brief Definition

The World Trade Organization is an international organization that deals with the rules and guidelines governing international trade.

Sanitary and phytosanitary measures establish the safety rules for plant, health, and human.


All countries that are members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have to comply with the WTO’s agreements and measures on international trade. Fiji is not an exception to this. By becoming a member of the WTO in 1996, Fiji has to adhere to WTO’s requirements on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures for the export of products from its national boundaries (Ravuvu et al. 2017). The Pacific Island countries (PICs) are struggling to meet the SPS requirements of the international trading system with the adverse impacts of these visible in fisheries, ginger, dalo, and kava exports. Recent studies conducted by the international agencies in the PICs confirm that the...

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Correspondence to Suwastika Naidu .

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Naidu, S. (2021). Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Trade Measures. In: Farazmand, A. (eds) Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-31816-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-31816-5

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