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Policy Entrepreneurs as Bureaucrats, Merging Formality and Informality

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Turning entrepreneurial behavior into formal bureaucrat positions


Policy entrepreneurs refer to actors in the public sector organization advocating for proposals or ideas. Bureaucrats refer to the Weberian ideal of neutral public administrators. Here, merging formality and informality in this setting refers to the establishment of formal positions in the public sector organization on which the employed administrators have the task of acting as a policy entrepreneur.


Currently, when complex boundary spanning challenges such as sustainability, resilience, and social inclusion are at the table, the actors working for policy change have rendered more attention. These actors are often referred to as “policy entrepreneurs.” This entry presents a specific version of the policy entrepreneur, namely, the policy entrepreneur who is employed as public administrator or bureaucrat in the political-administration with the task to promote, coordinate, and integrate...

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Svensson, P. (2020). Policy Entrepreneurs as Bureaucrats, Merging Formality and Informality. In: Farazmand, A. (eds) Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance. Springer, Cham.

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