Accountability Systems, Brazil
The concept of accountability has a normative assumption and dependence, which makes it less analytical and more evaluative (Bovens 2007). It comprises a kind of social relationship between an actor and a forum, whereby the actor has an obligation to explain and justify his conduct to the forum. In this sense, accountability involves a cycle, which goes through the process of accountability, justification, and judgment of the actor in the forum, in which this evaluation process takes into account the value added by public agents to the policies and actions of governments and public agencies.
Conceptually, accountability is the duty of public agents to be accountable to their principals, who, in a democratic regime, are citizens. In a democracy, accountability is an institutional mechanism by which citizens must influence and control their elected representatives, nonelected officials, and other power holders...
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