Accountability in Tourism Governance

  • Michelle ScobieEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2846-1

Synonyms

Definition

Accountability in environmental governance is the obligation of persons or organizations whose activities may have or have an environmental impact to report to those actors that have a right to regulate, adjudicate, and penalize those actions that may be harmful to the environment.

Introduction

The international tourism industry and, more specifically, the international cruise shipping industry are a good example of a sector with complex accountability relationships. Caribbean cruise tourism is a global vertically integrated industry: cruise lines are owned by private corporations that manage their operations across multiple jurisdictions, linking tour operators, cruises, visitors, flag states, and the port states of the US and Caribbean destinations. Each of the actors is answerable to the states wherein they operate, to their clients and patrons directly, to third party agencies that monitor and report on...

Keywords

Ballast Water Environmental Governance International Maritime Organization Cruise Ship Flag State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Biermann F, Gupta A (2011) Accountability and legitimacy in earth system governance: a research framework. Ecol Econ 70(11):1856–1864. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.04.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blasco J, Duran-Grados V, Hampel M, Moreno-Gutierrez J (2014) Towards an integrated environmental risk assessment of emissions from ships’ propulsion systems. Review of y. Environ Int 66:44–47. doi:10.1016/j.envint2014.01.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bonilla-Priego MJ, Font X, Pacheco-Olivares MD (2014) Corporate sustainability reporting index and baseline data for the cruise industry. Tour Manag 44:149–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clancy M (2008) Cruisin’ to exclusion: commodity chains, the cruise industry, and development in the Caribbean. Review of y. Globalizations 5(3):405–418. doi:10.1080/14747730802252560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. CLIA (2014) Charting a course to success- 2014 CLIA annual report. Cruise Lines International Association, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  6. Cooper AF, Shaw TM (2009) The diplomacies of small states at the start of the twenty-first century: how vulnerable? How resilient?. In: Cooper AF, Shaw TM (eds) The diplomacies of small states between vulnerability and resilience. Palgrave Macmillan, UK, Basingstoke [England], New York, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  7. DOJ, US (1999) Cruise line faces 21 Felony counts in 6 different U.S. courts. US Government. https://www.justice.gov/enrd/us-v-royal-caribbean-cruises-ltd. Accessed 28 Sept 2016
  8. FOE (2016) 2016 cruise ship report card. http://www.foe.org/
  9. Johnson D (2002) Environmentally sustainable cruise tourism: a reality check. Review of y. Mar Policy 26(4):261–270. doi:10.1016/s0308-597x(02)00008-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Keohane RO (2003) Global governance and democratic accountability. In: Koenig-Archibugi DHaM (ed) Taming globalization: frontiers of governance. Polity, Cambridge, UK, Malden, MA, pp 130–159Google Scholar
  11. Klein RA (2011) Responsible cruise tourism: issues of cruise tourism and sustainability. Review of y. J Hosp Tour Manag 18(1):107–116. doi:10.1375/jhtm.18.1.107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Korbee D, Mol APJ, van Tatenhove JPM (2015) Ecological considerations in constructing marine infrastructure: the Falmouth cruise terminal development, Jamaica. Review of y. Mar Policy 56:23–32. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2015.02.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. London WR, Lohmann G (2014) Power in the context of cruise destination stakeholders’ interrelationships. Review of y. Res Transp Bus Manag 13:24–35. doi:10.1016/j.rtbm.2014.11.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Macpherson C (2008) Golden goose or Trojan horse? Cruise ship tourism in Pacific development. Review of y. Asia Pac Viewpoint 49(2):185–197. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8373.2008.00369.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. MOU, Caribbean (2016) Caribbean memorandum of understanding on port state control annual report 2015Google Scholar
  16. Pinnock FH (2014) The future of tourism in an emerging economy: the reality of the cruise industry in Caribbean. Review of y. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/WHATT-12-2013-0052
  17. Scobie M (2012) Environmental justice and marine Governance in the Caribbean. IUCN Acad Environ Law eJournal 1:30Google Scholar
  18. Simpson AW (2006) Small states in world politics. Cambridge Rev Int Aff 19(4):649–649Google Scholar
  19. Tejada P, Santos FJ, Guzman J (2011) Applicability of global value chains analysis to tourism: issues of governance and upgrading. Review of y. Serv Ind J 31(10):1627–1643. doi:10.1080/02642069.2010.485642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wise J (1999) How cruise ships shortchange the Caribbean. Fortune 139(6):44Google Scholar
  21. World T, Tourism, C (2016) Travel & tourism economic impact 2016. The economic impact of travel and tourism. World Travel & Tourism Council, United Kingdom, p 10Google Scholar
  22. Young S, Thyil V (2014) Corporate social responsibility and corporate governance: role of context in international settings. J Bus Ethics 122(1):1–24. doi:10.1007/s10551-013-1745-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of International Relations and Sir Arthur Lewis Institute for Social and Economic StudiesThe University of the West IndiesSt AugustineTrinidad and Tobago