Environmental Policy in Latin America

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2670-1



Environmental public policy is a government action to guide and regulate a sector or a region, regarding the use of natural resources and the quality of the environment.


Environmental policy in Latin America has been evolving to include the region’s diversity and better cope with the different and more complex problems faced. Most countries are highly urbanized – Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay exceed 90% of urban population – and almost all countries are above the world average of 52%. A common characteristic of Latin American countries is their natural resource abundance as well as their economic dependence upon primary exports. The region has an important part of the world’s tropical forest, freshwater, and cultivable land as well as mineral resource reserves. Consequently, there are two main areas of environmental policy concern: environmental quality, in particular air and water pollution relating to...


Corporate Social Responsibility Environmental Policy Latin American Country Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Governance 
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The authors acknowledge the support by the FONDAP Program 15110009/CR2 and iUAI EARTH Center.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Adolfo IbáñezEngineering and Sciences FacultySantiagoChile
  2. 2.Center for Climate and Resilience Research (CR)2Universidad de ChileSantiagoChile