Living Reference Work Entry

Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance

pp 1-9

Date: Latest Version

State and Administrative Reforms in Turkey and Their Implications

  • Hüseyin GülAffiliated withDepartment of Political Science and Public Administration, Süleyman Demirel University Email author 
  • , Hakan M. KirişAffiliated withDepartment of Political Science and Public Administration, Süleyman Demirel University Email author 

Synonyms

Administrative reforms in Turkey

Introduction

Turkey, with a population of 78.5 million, has undergone profound changes especially over the last two decades. Turkey will have a population of 85 million in 2023 according to TUİK’s (2016) projections. Around 70–75 % population is made up of the people of Turkish ethnicity but includes people from various ethnic, cultural, and religious backgrounds (i.e., Kurds, Armenians, Greeks, and Jews). This diversity has been used to justify a strong centralist state and administrative structure in Turkey, which, in turn, has been considered as an efficient method to build nation state and achieve national unity and administrative integrity, modernization, and economic development.

Turkish democracy is a relatively developed parliamentarian democracy with a system of free elections and several competing parties. Turkey ranks the 72nd out of 188 countries in the Human Development Index among the high human development countries up from the 79th ...

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