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Value Congruence


Person-environment fit; Person-group fit; Person-job fit; Person-organization fit


Value congruence refers to the degree to which an individual’s values match the values found in their work environment.


Research on value congruence focuses on the degree to which an individual’s personal values match the values they encounter in their work environment, as well as the behavioral and attitudinal outcomes that result from varying degrees of agreement between these values. Different types of congruence explored in the literature include person-organization, person-job, person-group, and person-supervisor congruence (Kristoff-Brown et al. 2005). Scholarly attention to value congruence is relatively recent, with much of it emerging in the last two to three decades. A notable exception here is found in the work of Chester Barnard (1948) who emphasized the importance of values in integrating individuals into the organization. Similarly, Argyris (1964) was an...

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Correspondence to Anthony D. Molina .

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Molina, A.D. (2016). Value Congruence. In: Farazmand, A. (eds) Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance. Springer, Cham.

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