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Allocational policies: policies that have little or no effect on the locality’s economy.
At-large elections: in the local context, at-large elections involve the whole city electing a councilmember, who then represents that city.
Council-manager systems: The city manager (an appointed position) maintains much of the budgetary and administrative powers that were originally with the mayor in mayor-council systems, meaning that the mayor has less institutional strength than if he or she were in a mayor-council system. In council-manager systems, the mayor is sometimes selected from among the councilmembers.
Developmental policies: policies that promote local economic growth.
District elections: in the local context, only a geographic portion of the city (known as a district or ward) elects a councilmember that represents the district or ward.
Mayor-council systems: in such systems, mayors are typically vested with more administrative and budgetary power and are elected...
KeywordsPolicy Preference Local Policy Reform Institution Local Politics Local Governance
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